No general work on the American Civil War can feature “exhaustive” research. By itself, the wealth of newspapers from the nineteenth century, added to the manuscript collections secreted in institutions across the country, makes that virtually impossible. The ever-increasing number of secondary sources—books, articles, and dissertations—are just frosting (mounds and mounds of frosting) on an already towering cake.

The bibliography from Grant Under Fire: An Exposé of Generalship & Character in the American Civil War:


Manuscript Collections

Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library, Springfield, Ill.

  • John A. McClernand Papers
  • Ely Parker Papers
  • William R. Rowley Papers
  • Wallace-Dickey Papers

American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, Penn.

  • Ely Parker Papers

Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Me.

  • Oliver Otis Howard Papers

Broome County Public Library, Binghamton, N.Y.

  • H.C. Leach Diary

Chicago Historical Society, Chicago, Ill.

  • Mason Brayman Papers
  • Joseph Russell Jones Papers
  • Jacob Lauman Papers
  • Richard R. Puffer Papers
  • John A. Rawlins Papers

Chicago Public Library, Chicago, Ill.

  • John McClernand Correspondence, 2014.3, Civil War Collection
  • Archival Collections

Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, Conn.

  • Charles Pollard Civil War Correspondence

Dartmouth College, Rauner Special Collections Library, Hanover, N.H.

  • Manuscript Collection

Delaware Historical Society, Wilmington, Del.

  • James H. Wilson Papers

Duke University, Durham, N.C.

  • Charles A. Dana Papers

Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Penn.

  • George G. Meade Collection (Collection 410)
  • Borie Family Papers (Collection 1602)

Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

  • M.F. Force Additional Papers
  • MOLLUS, Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War Collection
  • Palfrey Family Papers
  • Henry Villard Papers
  • f Papers

Lake Forest-Lake Bluff Historical Society, Lake Forest, Ill.

  • Israel Parsons Rumsey Papers

Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

  • Alston Family Papers
  • Adam Badeau Papers
  • Nathaniel P. Banks Papers
  • Joshua Taylor Bradford Diary
  • Benjamin Butler Papers
  • Sylvanus Cadwallader Papers
  • William Conant Church Papers
  • Louis Elseffer Papers
  • Thomas Ewing Family Papers
  • John N. Ferguson Diary
  • Archibald Forbes Papers
  • Ulysses S. Grant Papers
  • Charles S. Hamilton Letter
  • Ethan Allen Hitchcock Papers
  • Harriette C. Keatinge Papers
  • Keim Family Papers
  • Robert W. Lee Collection
  • Abraham Lincoln Papers
  • John A. Logan Papers
  • Orlando Metcalfe Poe Papers
  • David Dixon Porter Papers
  • Horace Porter Papers
  • John M. Schofield Papers
  • William Farrar Smith Papers
  • William Wrenshall Smith Papers
  • Edwin M. Stanton Papers
  • Lew Wallace Collection
  • Elihu B. Washburne Papers
  • Gideon Welles Papers
  • James H. Wilson Papers
  • Bedford Wimer Papers

Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Mass.

  • Charles Francis Adams Papers
  • Henry Van Ness Boynton Papers
  • Dwight Family Papers
  • William T. Sherman Papers

Newberry Library, Special Collections, Chicago, Ill.

  • Orville E. Babcock Papers
  • Carlos W. Colby Papers
  • Ephraim C. Dawes Papers, MwMC
  • C.L. Doegen Diary
  • William T. Foster Papers, MwMC
  • Curtis P. Lacey Diary, MwMC
  • Oliver Perry Newberry Papers, MwMC
  • Johnson Paisley Diary, MwMC
  • Ely Parker Papers, Edward E. Ayer Collection
  • Hiram Scofield Papers, Rudy L. Ruggles Coll.
  • Francis Trowbridge Sherman Papers
  • Lewis C. Tallmadge Diary

New-York Historical Society, New York, N.Y.

  • B.V. Wise Manuscript Collection
  • Frank Moore Civil War Collection

New York Public Library, New York, N.Y.

  • Ezra Ayres Carman Papers
  • Century Company Records
  • Charles A. Dana Collection
  • John Pemberton Papers

New York State Library, Albany, N.Y.

  • Gouverneur Kemble Warren Papers

Princeton University Library, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton, N.J.

  • Civil War Letters of Adam Badeau, used with permission of the Princeton University Library

Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

  • Clara Barton Papers, Sophia Smith Collection
  • Ethan Allen Hall Diaries, Hall Family Papers

Ulysses S. Grant Association, Mississippi State, Miss.

  • Ulysses S. Grant Presidential Collection, Series 2: Subject Files
  • Ulysses S. Grant Presidential Collection, Series 3: Unpublished Materials

University of Colorado Libraries, Archives Department, Boulder, Colo.

  • Alfred Lacey Hough Papers

University of Virginia, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, Charlottesville, Va.

  • Papers of General William Silliman Hillyer

U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center, Carlisle, Penn.

  • Horace Cecil Fisher Papers
  • August V. Kautz Papers
  • West-Stanley-Wright Family Papers

Vermont Historical Society, Barre, Vt.

  • William Farrar Smith Papers



American Hebrew and Jewish Messenger
American Israelite
(N.Y.) Daily Democrat
Atlanta Constitution
Auburn Weekly News
Baltimore American
Baltimore Sun
Bangor Whig
Batavia, N.Y. Republican Advocate
Boston Globe
Boston Herald
Boston Journal
(Va. & Tenn.) News
Brooklyn Eagle
Chicago Evening Journal
Chicago Times
Chicago Tribune
Cincinnati Commercial
Cincinnati Enquirer
Cincinnati Gazette
Columbus Gazette
Congressional Globe
(Ind.) Weekly Journal
Daily Alta California
(Iowa) Daily Gazette
Des Moines Iowa State Register
Detroit Free Press
(Penn.) Observer
(N.Y.) Gazette
Hartford Courant
(Penn.) Globe
Jackson, Miss., Clarion
Jefferson City, Mo. State Journal
Lincoln County
(Mo.) Herald
Linn County
(Iowa) Register
Los Angeles Times
Louisville Journal
Madison Wisconsin Patriot
Madison Wisconsin State Journal
Memphis Appeal
Milledgeville, Ga. Confederate Union
Missouri Democrat
Missouri Republican
Nashville Union and American
New Orleans Daily Picayune
New York Evening Post
New York Evening Telegram
New York Herald
New York Jewish Messenger
New York Sun
New York Times
New York World
New-York Tribune
Philadelphia Inquirer
Philadelphia Press
Pittsburgh Dispatch
Providence Star
Quincy, Ill. Daily Whig
Quincy, Ill. Herald
Richmond Daily Dispatch
Rock Island Argus
(Mo.) Express
Sacramento Daily Union
Sacramento Record-Union
Salt Lake Democrat
Salt Lake Tribune
San Francisco Chronicle
(Mass.) Republican
Springfield Illinois State Journal
St. Louis Globe-Democrat
St. Louis Republic
Stark County Democrat
(Canton, Ohio)
Toledo Democrat
(N.Y.) Daily Observer
(N.Y.) Morning Herald
Vicksburg Daily Herald
Washington Herald
Washington Post
Washington Evening Star
Washington National Intelligencer
Washington National Tribune
Western Christian Advocate
Wichita Eagle
Zion’s Herald and Wesleyan Journal


Government and Official Publications

Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Commission. Battles about Chattanooga, Tenn., November 23–25, 1863: Orchard Knob, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, Organization of the Union Forces (commanded by Maj. Gen. U.S. Grant) and of the Confederate Forces (commanded by General Braxton Bragg). Henry V.N. Boynton, comp. Washington: Government Printing Office (GPO), 1893.

Dillahunty, Albert. Shiloh National Military Park, Tennessee. Washington: GPO, 1951.

Dobak, William A. Freedom by the Sword: The U.S. Colored Troops, 1862–1867. Washington: U.S. Army, Center of Military History, 2011.

Eaton, John. Report of the General Superintendent of Freedmen, Department of the Tennessee and State of Arkansas for 1864. Memphis: s.n., 1865.

Esposito, Vincent J., ed. The West Point Atlas of American Wars. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1959.

Gabel, Christopher R. Staff Ride Handbook for The Vicksburg Campaign, December 1862July 1863. Fort Leavenworth, Kan.: Combat Studies Institute, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2001.

Gabel, Christopher R. Rails to Oblivion: The Battle of Confederate Railroads in the Civil War. Fort Leavenworth, Kan.: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2002.

Hewett, Janet B., et al., eds. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 100 vols. in 3 parts. Wilmington, N.C.: Broadfoot Publishing Company, 1994–2000.

Hinds, Asher C. Hinds’ Precedents of the House of Representatives of the United States: Including References to Provisions of the Constitution, the Laws, and Decisions of the United States Senate, Vol. 3. Washington: GPO, 1907.

Hughes, Michael J. Sherman’s 186465 Campaigns: Strategic Analysis and Lessons for Today. Ft. Belvoir, Va.: Defense Technical Information Center, 1994.

Keim, DeB. Randolph. Sherman: A Memorial in Art, Oratory, and Literature by the Society of the Army of the Tennessee with the aid of the Congress of the United States of America. Washington: GPO, 1904.

Lieber, Francis. General Order No. 100, Adjutant-General’s Office: Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States, in the Field. New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1863.

National Archives, Record Groups 108 and 393.

Trial of Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, before the Senate of the United States, on Impeachment by the House of Representatives for High Crimes and Misdemeanors. 3 vols. Washington, GPO, 1868.

U.S. Army. Army and Navy Journal and Gazette of the Regular and Volunteer Forces,Vol. 3, 1865–‘66. New York: s.n., s.d.

U.S. Army. The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, 186165, 6 vols. in 3 parts. Washington: GPO, 1870–88.

U.S. Army. The Philadelphia Grays’ Collection of Official Reports of Brigadier-General George Cadwalader’s Services during the Campaign of 1847 in Mexico. Philadelphia: T.K. and P.G. Collins, 1848,

U.S. Army. Proceedings, Findings, and Opinions of the Court of Inquiry … in the case of Gouverneur K. Warren. 3 parts. Washington: GPO, 1883.

U.S. Army. Regulations for the Army of the United States, 1861. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1861.

U.S. Army. Report of a Board of Army Officers upon the Claim of Maj. Gen. William Farrar Smith, U.S.V., Major U.S. Army (Retired), that he, and not General Rosecrans, originated the Plan for the Relief of Chattanooga in October, 1863. Washington: GPO, 1901.

U.S. Congress, House. Executive Documents. 44th Congress, 1st session, 1875–‘76. “A Report upon the Condition of Affairs in the Territory of Alaska.” 1876.

U.S. Congress, House. Gold Panic Investigation. 41st Congress, 2nd session, 1870. Report No. 31.

U.S. Congress, House. Index to Reports of Committees. 44th Congress, 1st session, 1876.

U.S. Congress, House. Index to the Miscellaneous Documents. “Whiskey Frauds.” 44th Congress, 1st session. Report No. 186. 1876.

U.S. Congress, House. Letter from the Secretary of War, transmitting the final report made by the Commission on War Claims at St. Louis. 37th Congress, 2nd session, April 1, 1862. House Exec. Doc. 97.

U.S. Congress, House. Message of the President of the United States and Accompanying Documents to the Two Houses of Congress, 40th Congress, 3rd session, 1868. Ex. Doc. No. 1.

U.S. Congress, House. Petition of Anna Ella Carroll praying Compensation for suggesting certain plans of operation for the armies of the United States during the late war. 41st Congress, 2d session, 1870. Mis. Doc. 100.

U.S. Congress, House. Memorial of Anna Ella Carroll asking Compensation for service rendered the United States in the war of the rebellion. 42d Congress, 2d session, 1872. Mis. Doc. 167.

U.S. Congress, House. Petition of Anna Ella Carroll for Compensation for services rendered to the War Department during the late war. 44th Congress, 1st session, 1876. Mis. Doc. 179.

U.S. Congress, House. Reports of Committees. 42nd Congress, 3rd session, 1872–’73. 3 vols. 1873.

U.S. Congress, House. “Safe-Burglary.” Reports of Committees. 43rd Congress, 1st session. 1873–’74. 1874. Report No. 785.

U.S. Congress, Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War. Report of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War. 3 parts. Washington: GPO; 1863.

U.S. Congress, Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War. Report of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War. 3 parts in 1. Washington: GPO; 1865.

U.S. Congress, Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War. Supplemental Report of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War. 2 vols. Washington: GPO; 1866.

U.S. Congress, Senate. Proceedings of the Senate Sitting for the Trial of William W. Belknap, Late Secretary of War, on the Articles of Impeachment exhibited by the House of Representatives. 44th Congress, 1st session, 1876.

U.S. Military Academy. Official Register of the Officers and Cadets of the U.S. Military Academy, New York: J.P. Wright, 1840; New York: J.P. Wright, 1841; New York: J.P. Wright, 1842; New York: Burroughs, 1843; Poughkeepsie, N.Y.: Haight & Dudley, 1868; Poughkeepsie, N.Y.: Haight & Dudley, 1869; Washington: GPO, 1870; New York: John F. Baldwin, 1871.

U.S. War Department. General Orders of the War Department, Embracing the Years 1861, 1862 & 1863, 2 vols. Thomas M. O’Brien & Oliver Diefendorf, comps. New York: Derby & Miller, 1864.

U.S. War Department. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. 30 vols. Washington: GPO, 1894–1922.

U.S. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 128 vols. Washington: GPO, 1880–1901.

Writers’ Project, Work Projects Administration, State of New Jersey. Entertaining a Nation: Career of Long Branch. Bayonne, N.J.: Jersey, 1940.


Unpublished Dissertations

Cunningham, Edward O. “Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862.” Ph.D. dissertation, Louisiana State University, 1966.

Feis, William B. “Finding the Enemy: The Role of Military Intelligence in the Campaigns of Ulysses S. Grant, 1861–1865.” Ph.D. dissertation, Ohio State University, 1997.

Fonvielle, Chris. “‘The Last Rays of Departing Hope’: The Battles of Fort Fisher, the Fall of Wilmington, North Carolina, and the End of the Confederacy.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of South Carolina, 1994.

Foster, Buckley T. “Dress Rehearsal for Hard War: Sherman and the Meridian Expedition.” Ph.D. dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2003.

Frank, Lisa T. “To ‘Cure Her of Her Pride and Boasting’: The Gendered Implications of Sherman’s March.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Florida, 2001.

Garcia, Armand. “José Martí and the Global Dimensions of Late Nineteenth-century Cuban Nation Building.” Ph.D. dissertation, Washington State University, 2006.

Hagedorn, Leah E. “Jews and the American South, 1858–1905.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1999.

Hicken, Victor. “From Vandalia to Vicksburg: The Political and Military Career of John A. McClernand.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana, 1955.

Hurley, Mark S. “Union Logistics in the Vicksburg Campaign.” M.A. dissertation, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1992.

Jones, Freeman. “Mosby’s Rangers and Partisan Warfare.” M.A. dissertation, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1991.

Jones, Robert Steven. “The Right Hand of Command: Use and Disuse of Personal Staffs in the American Civil War.” Ph.D. dissertation, Oklahoma State University, 1997.

Kiper, Richard L. “Politician in Uniform: The Civil War Career of Major General John Alexander McClernand.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kansas, 1996.

MacIsaac, Andrew J. “Here the Reaper was the Angel of Death: The First Maine Heavy Artillery During the Overland Campaign.” M.A. Dissertation, Harvard University, 2001.

McPherson, Milton M. “Federal Taxes on Cotton, 1862-1868.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Alabama, 1970.

Melia, Tamara M. “James B. McPherson and the Ideals of the Old Army.” Ph.D. dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 1987.

Melton, Brian C. “‘Stay and Fight It Out’: Henry W. Slocum and America’s Civil War.” Ph.D. dissertation, Texas Christian University. 2003.

Merrill, Louis T. “General Benjamin F. Butler as a Radical Leader during the Administration of Andrew Johnson.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago. 1936.

Mortenson, Christopher R. “Lew Wallace and the Civil War: Politics and Generalship.” Ph.D. dissertation, Texas A&M University, 2007.

Patrick, John Joseph. “John Sherman: The Early Years, 1823-1865.” Ph.D. dissertation, Kent State University. 1982.

Varney, Frank. “The Men Grant didn’t Trust: Memoir, Memory, and the American Civil War.” Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell, 2007.



Abbott, Henry Livermore. Fallen Leaves: the Civil War Letters of Major Henry Livermore Abbott. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1991.

Abbott, John S.C. The History of the Civil War in America. 2 vols. Norwich, Conn.: Henry Bill, 1873.

Abbott, Lemuel A. Personal Recollections and Civil War Diary, 1864. Burlington, Vt.: Free Press, 1908.

Adair, John M. Historical Sketch of the Forty-fifth Illinois Regiment. Lanark, Ill: Carroll County Gazette, 1869.

Adams, Charles F., Jr. Theodore Lyman (1833–1897) and Robert Charles Winthrop, Jr. (1834–1905). Cambridge, Mass.: John Wilson and Son, 1906.

Adams, Henry B. The Education of Henry Adams. Washington: privately printed, 1907.

Adams, John G.B. Reminiscences of the Nineteenth Massachusetts Regiment. Boston: Wright & Potter, 1899.

Agassiz, George R., ed. Meade’s Headquarters, 1863–1865: Letters of Colonel Theodore Lyman from the Wilderness to Appomattox. Boston: Atlantic Monthly, 1922.

Alexander, Augustus W. Grant as a Soldier. St. Louis: the author, 1887.

Alexander, Edward P0rter. Military Memoirs of a Confederate: A Critical Narrative. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1910.

Ambrose, D. Leib. History of the Seventh Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry. Springfield: Illinois Journal, 1868.

Ammen, Daniel. The Old Navy and the New, with an Appendix of Personal Letters from General Grant. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1891.

Anderson, John. The Fifty-seventh Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers in the War of the Rebellion, Army of the Potomac. Boston: E.B. Stillings, 1896.

Andrews, J. Cutler. The North Reports the Civil War. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1955.

Annals of Iowa: A Historical Quarterly, vols. 4–5, 3rd series. Charles Aldrich, ed. Des Moines: Historical Department of Iowa, 1899–1903.

Antietam To Appomattox: With 118th Penna. Vols., Corn Exchange Regiment, With descriptions of Marches, Battles and Skirmishes. 2 vols. Philadelphia: J.L. Smith, 1892.

Armes, George A. Ups and Downs of an Army Officer. Washington: s.n., 1900.

Armstrong, Gordon, ed. Illinois Artillery Officer’s Civil War: The Diary and Letters of John Cheney. College Station, Tex:, 2005.

Armstrong, William H. Warrior in Two Camps: Ely S. Parker, Union General and Seneca Chief. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1978.

Avery, P.O. History of the Fourth Illinois Cavalry Regiment. Humboldt, Neb.: Enterprise, 1903.

Bacon, Georgeanna W. Letters of a Family during the War for the Union, 18611865. vol. 2. S.l.: privately printed, 1899.

Badeau, Adam. Grant in Peace: From Appomattox to Mount McGregor, a Personal Memoir. Hartford, Conn.: S.S. Scranton, 1887.

———. Military History of Ulysses S. Grant, from April, 1861, to April, 1865. 3 vols. New York: D. Appleton, 1868–81.

Bailey, Chris H. Merchants & Farmers: The Lagows: a Genealogical History of Wilson and Richard Lagow and their Descendants. Bristol, Conn.: C.H. Bailey, 1992.

Bain, David H. Empire Express: Building the First Transcontinental Railroad. New York: Viking, 1999.

Banks, Raymond H. The King of Louisiana, 1862–1865, and Other Government Work: A Biography of Major General Nathaniel Prentice Banks, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. 2 vols. Las Vegas, Nev.: R.H. Banks, 2005.

Barber, A.W., comp. The Benevolent Raid of General Lew Wallace: How Mexico was Saved in 1864, The Monroe Doctrine in action, Testimony of a Survivor, Private Justus Brooks. Washington: R. Beresford, 1914.

Barefoot, Daniel W. General Robert F. Hoke: Lee’s Modest Warrior. Winston-Salem, N.C.: John F. Blair, 1996.

Barnes, James A., James A. Carnahan, and Thomas H.B. McCain. The Eighty-sixth Indiana Volunteer Infantry: A Narrative of its Services in the Civil War of 1861–1865. Crawfordsville, Ind.: Journal, 1895.

Bartlett, Asa W. History of the Twelfth Regiment New Hampshire Volunteers in the War of the Rebellion. Concord, N.H.: Ira C. Evans, 1897.

Basler, Roy P., ed. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. 9 vols. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1953–55.

Bates, David Homer. Lincoln in the Telegraph Office: Recollections of the United States Military Telegraph Corps during the Civil War. New York: Century, 1907.

Bearss, Edwin C. The Campaign for Vicksburg. 3 vols. Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1985–86.

Bearss, Edwin C., and J. Parker Hills. Receding tide: Vicksburg and Gettysburg: the campaigns that changed the Civil War. Washington: National Geographic Society, 2010.

Bearss, Edwin C., and Warren Grabau. The Battle of Jackson, May 14, 1863; The Siege of Jackson, July 10–17, 1863; Three Other Post-Vicksburg Actions. Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1981.

Bearss, Margie Riddle. Sherman’s Forgotten Campaign: The Meridian Expedition. Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1987.

Belknap, Charles E. History of the Michigan Organizations at Chickamauga, Chattanooga and Missionary Ridge, 1863. Lansing, Mich.: Robert Smith, 1897.

Belknap, William W., et al. History of the Fifteenth Regiment Iowa Veteran Volunteer Infantry, from October, 1861, to August, 1865, when disbanded at end of the war. Keokuk, Iowa: R.B. Ogden and Son, 1887.

Bering, John A. and Thomas Montgomery. History of the Forty-eighth Ohio Vet. Vol. Inf. giving a complete account of the regiment from its organization at Camp Dennison, O., in October, 1861, to the close of the war, and its final muster-out, May 10, 1866. Hillsboro, Ohio: Highland News Office, 1880.

Berlin, Ira, et al., eds. The Wartime Genesis of Free Labor: the Lower South. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Berry, Chester D. Loss of the Sultana and Reminiscences of Survivors. Lansing, Mich.: Darius D. Thorp, 1892.

Bicha, Karel D. C.C. Washburn and the Upper Mississippi Valley. New York: Garland, 1995.

Bidwell, Frederick D., comp. History of the Forty-ninth New York Volunteers. Albany, N.Y.: J.B. Lyon, 1916.

Biographical Sketch of the Hon. Lazarus W. Powell, (of Henderson, Ky.), Governor of the state of Kentucky from 1851 to 1855, and a Senator in Congress from 1859 to 1865. Frankfort, Ky.: Kentucky Yeoman, 1868.

Bircher, William. A Drummer-Boy’s Diary: comprising four years of service with the Second Regiment Minnesota Veteran Volunteers, 1861 to 1865. St. Paul, Minn.: St. Paul Book and Stationery Co., 1889.

Bollet, Alfred J. Civil War Medicine: Challenges and Triumphs. Tucson, Ariz.: Galen, 2002.

Bonds, Russell S. War Like a Thunderbolt: The Battle and Burning of Atlanta. Yardley, Penn.: Westholme, 2009.

Bonekemper, Edward H., III. A Victor Not a Butcher: Ulysses S. Grant’s overlooked military genius. Washington: Regnery, 2004

Boritt, Gabor S., ed. Lincoln’s Generals. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Bouton, Edward. Events of the Civil War. Los Angeles: Kingsley, Moles & Collins, 1906.

Boutwell, George S. The Lawyer, the Statesman and the Soldier. New York: D. Appleton, 1887.

———. Reminiscences of Sixty Years in Public Affairs. 2 vols. New York: McClure, Phillips, 1902.

Bowman, Samuel M., and Richard Bache Irwin. Sherman and His Campaigns: A Military Biography. New York: Charles B. Richardson, 1865.

Boyd, Cyrus F. The Civil War diary of Cyrus F. Boyd, Fifteenth Iowa Infantry, 1861–1863. Mildred Throne, ed. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1998.

Boynton, Henry Van Ness. Chattanooga and Chickamauga: Reprint of Gen. H.V. Boynton’s Letters to the Cincinnati Commercial Gazette, August 1888, 2nd edition, with corrections. Washington: Geo. R. Gray, 1891.

———. Was General Thomas Slow at Nashville? With a Description of the Greatest Cavalry Movement of the War and General James H. Wilson’s Cavalry Operations in Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia. New York: Francis P. Harper, 1896.

Bradley, Mark. This Astounding Close: The Road to Bennett Place. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Brewer, James D. Tom Worthington’s Civil War: Shiloh, Sherman, and the search for Vindication. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2001.

Brinton, John H. Personal Memoirs of John H. Brinton, Major and Surgeon U.S.V., 1861–1865. New York: Neale Publishing, 1914.

Brockett, Linus P. Our Great Captains: Grant, Sherman, Thomas, Sheridan, and Farragut. New York: C.B. Richardson, 1865.

Brooks, Ulysses R. Butler and His Cavalry in the War of Secession, 1861–1865. Columbia, S.C.: State, 1909.

Brown, Augustus C. The Diary of a Line Officer. S.l.: s.n., s.d.

Brown, Dee A. The Galvanized Yankees. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1963.

Brown, J. Willard. The Signal Corps, U.S.A., in the War of the Rebellion. Boston: U.S. Veteran Signal Corps Association, 1896.

Browning, Orville Hickman. The Diary of Orville Hickman Browning. 2 vols. Theodore C. Pease and James G. Randall, eds. Springfield: Illinois State Historical Library, 1925–33.

Buel, Clarence C., and Robert U. Johnson, eds. Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. 4 vols. New York: Century, 1887–88.

Buell, Augustus. “The Cannoneer: Recollections of Service in the Army of the Potomac. Washington: National Tribune, 1890.

Buell, Thomas, Warrior Generals: Combat Leadership in the Civil War. New York: Crown, 1997.

Burke, Timothy M. The Fifth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry: A Story of Citizen Soldiers, Civil War Politics and Southwest Ohio. S.l.: s.n., s.d.

Burlingame, Michael. Abraham Lincoln: A Life, vol. 2. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.

Burne, Alfred H. Lee, Grant and Sherman: A Study in Leadership in the 1864–65 Campaign. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2000.

Burr, Frank A. Life and Achievements of James Addams Beaver: Early Life, Military Services and Public Career. Philadelphia: Ferguson Bros., 1882.

Busch, Briton C. The War against the Seals: a History of the North American Seal Fishery. Kingston, Ont.: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1985.

Butler, Benjamin F. Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benj. F. Butler: Butler’s Book, a review of his legal, political, and military career. Boston: A.M. Thayer, 1892.

———. Private and Official Correspondence of Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, during the period of the Civil War. 5 vols. Norwood, Mass.: Plimpton, 1917.

Butowsky, Harry. Appomattox Manor-City Point: A History. Philadelphia: National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Region, 1978.

Butterfield, Daniel. General Butterfield’s Address on General Hooker and his Command at Lookout Mountain and Chattanooga, Delivered by invitation at the Public Ceremonies at the Dedication of the National Park, Chattanooga, September 18, 1895. New York: Exchange, 1896.

Byars, William Vincent. An American commoner: the life and times of Richard Parks Bland, A Study of the last Quarter of the Nineteenth Century. St. Louis: H.L. Conard, 1900.

Byers, Samuel Hawkins Marshall. Iowa in War Times. Des Moines: W.D. Condit, 1888.

Cadwallader, Sylvanus. Three Years with Grant: As Recalled by War Correspondent Sylvanus Cadwallader. Benjamin P. Thomas, ed. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1956.

———. Three Years with Grant: As Recalled by War Correspondent Sylvanus Cadwallader. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1996.

Calkins, Chris. The Danville Expedition of May and June 1865. Danville, Va.: McNaughton and Gunn, 1998.

Campbell, Jacqueline G. When Sherman Marched North from the Sea: Resistance on the Confederate Home Front. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

Cannan, John. The Crater: Burnside’s Assault on the Confederate Trenches, July 30, 1864. Cambridge, Mass.: Da Capo Press, 2002.

Carnegie, Andrew. Autobiography of Andrew Carnegie. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1920.

Carr, Julian S. The Hampton Roads Conference: A Refutation of the Statement that Mr. Lincoln said if Union was written at the top the Southern Commissioners might fill in the balance. S.l.: s.n., s.d.

Carter, William R. History of the First Regiment of Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry in the Great War of the Rebellion, with the Armies of the Ohio and Cumberland, under Generals Morgan, Rosecrans, Thomas, Stanley and Wilson, 1862–1865. Knoxville, Tenn.: Gaut-Ogden, 1902.

Castel, Albert. Articles of War: winners, losers, and some who were both in the Civil War. Mechanicsburg, Penn.: Stackpole Books, 2001.

———. Decision in the West: The Atlanta Campaign of 1864. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1992.

———. Tom Taylor’s Civil War. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2000.

———. Winning and Losing in the Civil War: essays and stories. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1996.

Catton, Bruce. Grant Moves South. Boston: Little, Brown, 1960.

———. Grant Takes Command. Boston: Little, Brown, 1969.

———. Mr. Lincoln’s Army. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1951.

———. Never Call Retreat. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1965.

———. A Stillness at Appomattox. Garden City: Doubleday, 1953.

———. Terrible Swift Sword. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1963.

———. This Hallowed Ground: The Story of the Union Side of the Civil War. Garden City, N.Y.; Doubleday, 1956.

Chalfant, Edward. Better in Darkness: A Biography of Henry Adams, His Second Life, 1862–1891. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1994.

Chamberlain, Joshua L. The Passing of the Armies: An Account of the Final Campaign of the Army of the Potomac, Based upon Personal Reminiscences of the Fifth Army Corps. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1915.

Chamberlaine, William W. Memoirs of the Civil War between the Northern and Southern Sections of the United States of America, 1861 to 1865. Washington: Byron S. Adams, 1912.

Chamberlin, William H. History of the Eighty-first Regiment Ohio Infantry Volunteers: during the War of the Rebellion. Cincinnati: Gazette Steam Printing, 1865.

Chapman, S.S., et al. “Ecoregions of Mississippi,” (color poster with map, descriptive text, summary tables, and photographs). Reston, Va.: U.S. Geological Survey, 2004.

Chase, Salmon P. Annual Report of the American Historical Association for the year 1902: Sixth report of Historical Manuscripts Commission, with Diary and Correspondence of Salmon P. Chase. vol. 2. Washington: GPO, 1903.

———. Inside Lincoln’s Cabinet: The Civil War Diaries of Salmon P. Chase. David H. Donald, ed. New York: Longmans, Green, 1954.

———. The Salmon P. Chase Papers. 5 vols. John Niven, ed. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1993–1998.

———. The Salmon P. Chase Papers (microfilm). John Niven, ed. Frederick, Md.: University Publications of America, 1987.

Chesnut, Mary B. A Diary From Dixie. Isabella D. Martin and Myrta Lockett Avary, eds. New York: D. Appleton, 1906.

Chetlain, Augustus Louis. Recollections of Seventy Years by Augustus L. Chetlain: Brigadier and Brevet Major General U.S. Vols., Civil War, 1861–65. Galena: Gazette, 1899.

Child, William. A History of the Fifth Regiment New Hampshire Volunteers, in the American Civil War, 18611865. Bristol, N.H.: R.W. Musgrove, 1893.

Chisholm, Daniel. The Civil War Notebook of Daniel Chisholm: A Chronicle of Daily Life in the Union Army, 1864–1865. New York: Orion, 1989.

Church, William Conant. Ulysses S. Grant and the Period of National Preservation and Reconstruction. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1897.

Churchill, Winston. Churchill’s History of the English-Speaking Peoples. Henry S. Commager, arr. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1965.

Cincinnati Society of Ex-Army & Navy Officers. Report of the proceedings and speeches of the seventh annual re-union and supper of the Cincinnati Society of Ex-Army and Navy Officers, held at the Burnet House, January 12th, 1882. Cincinnati: Peter G. Thomson, 1883.

Clark, Charles T. Opdycke Tigers, 125th O.V.I.: A History of the Regiment and of the Campaigns and Battles of the Army of the Cumberland. Columbus, Ohio: Spahr & Glenn, 1895.

Clark, Donald A. The Notorious “Bull” Nelson: Murdered Civil War General. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois University Press, 2011.

Clarke, H.C. Diary of the War for Separation: a daily chronicle of the principal events and history of the present revolution, to which is added notes and descriptions of all the great battles, including Walker’s narrative of the battle of Shiloh. Augusta, Ga., Steam Press of Chronicle & Sentinel, 1862.

Cleutz, David. In Their Own Words: Col. David Ireland and the 137th Regiment New York State Volunteers. Binghamton, N.Y.: s.n., 2005.

Coffey, David. Sheridan’s Lieutenants: Phil Sheridan, his Generals, and the Final Year of the Civil War. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005.

Collis, Septima M. A Woman’s War Record, 1861–1865. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1889.

Committee of the Regiment. History of the Thirty-sixth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, 1862–1865. Boston: Rockwell and Churchill, 1884.

Committee of the Regimental Association. The Story of One Regiment: The Eleventh Maine Infantry Volunteers in the War of the Rebellion. New York: J.J. Little, 1896.

Comstock, Cyrus B. The Diary of Cyrus B. Comstock. Merlin E. Sumner, ed. Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1987.

Conger, Arthur L., comp. Donelson Campaign Sources. Fort Leavenworth, Kan.: Army Service Schools, 1912.

Conkling, Alfred R. The Life and Letters of Roscoe Conkling: Orator, Statesman, Advocate. New York: Charles L. Webster, 1889.

Connell, Evan S. Son of the Morning Star. San Francisco: North Point, 1984.

Connelly, Donald B. John M. Schofield and the Politics of Generalship. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.

Connelly, Thomas W. History of the Seventieth Ohio Regiment, from its Organization to its Mustering Out. Cincinnati: Peak Bros., 1902.

Conrad, August. The Destruction of Columbia, S.C. William H. Pleasants, trans. Roanoke, Va.: Stone Printing and Manufacturing, 1902.

Conyngham, David P. Sherman’s March through the South: With Sketches and Incidents of the Campaign. New York: Sheldon, 1865.

Coolidge, Louis A. Ulysses S. Grant. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1917.

Cooling, Benjamin F. III. The Day Lincoln was almost Shot: the Fort Stevens Story. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, 2013

———. Forts Henry and Donelson: The Key to the Confederate Heartland. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1987.

———. Jubal Early’s Raid on Washington, 1864. Baltimore: Nautical and Aviation Publishing, 1989.

Cooper, Edward S. William Babcock Hazen: The Best Hated Man. Madison, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2005.

———. William Worth Belknap: An American Disgrace. Madison, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2003.

Copeland, David A., ed. The Greenwood Library of American war reporting: Vol. 3. The Civil War, North and South. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 2005.

Coppée, Henry. General Thomas. New York: D. Appleton, 1893.

———. Grant and His Campaigns: A Military Biography. New York: Charles B. Richardson, 1866.

———. The United States Service Magazine. vols 1–5. New York: Charles B. Richardson, 1864–66.

Cordrey, Francis. Life and Comments of a Common Soldier, containing a sketch of his early days of his life in the army and an expression of his belief as to what is right and what is wrong in men in governments and in churches. S.l.: s.n., 1893.

Cox, Jacob D. The Battle of Franklin, Tennessee, November 30, 1864: A Monograph. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1897.

———. The March to the Sea, Franklin and Nashville. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1882.

———. Military Reminiscences of the Civil War. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1900.

Cozzens, Peter. The Darkest Days of the War: The Battles of Iuka and Corinth. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.

———. The Shipwreck of Their Hopes: The Battles for Chattanooga. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994.

———. Eyewitnesses to the Indian Wars, 1865–1890: Conquering the Southern Plains. Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 2003.

Cozzens, Peter, and Robert I. Girardi, eds. The Military Memoirs of General John Pope. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1998.

Cozzens, Peter, ed. Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Vol. 6. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2004.

Cozzens, Peter, and Robert I. Girardi, eds. The New Annals of the Civil War. Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 2004.

Cramer, M.J. Ulysses S. Grant: Conversations and Unpublished Letters. New York: Eaton & Mains, 1897.

Cresap, Bernard. Appomattox Commander: The Story of General E.O.C. Ord. San Diego: A.S. Barnes, 1981.

Crook, George. General George Crook: His Autobiography. Martin F. Schmitt, ed. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1946.

Crook, William H. Through Five Administrations. Margarita Spalding Gerry, ed. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1910.

Crooker, Lucian B. A section of a battle: observations upon the conduct of the 55th Illinois Infantry in the first day’s battle of Shiloh, a missing link supplied. S.l.: s.n., s.d.

Crooker, Lucien B., et al. The story of the Fifty-fifth Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry in the Civil War, 1861–1865. Clinton, Mass., W.J. Coulter, 1887.

Cross, Nelson. The Life of General Grant: His Political Record, etc. New York: J.S. Redfield, 1872.

Crozier, Emmet. Yankee Reporters, 1861–65. New York: Oxford University Press, 1956.

Crummer, Wilbur C. With Grant at Fort Donelson, Shiloh, and Vicksburg, And an Appreciation of General U.S. Grant. Oak Park, Ill.: E.C. Crummer, 1915.

Cullum, George W. Biographical Register of Officers and Cadets of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. from Its Establishment in 1802 to 1890. With the Early History of the United States Military Academy. 3rd ed. rev. and ext. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1891.

Cullom, Shelby M. Fifty Years of Public Service: Personal Recollections of Shelby M. Cullom. 2nd Edition. Chicago: A.C. McClurg, 1911.

Cummins, Albert B. In the matter of controversy between the Shiloh National Military Park Commission and the Iowa Shiloh Commission relating to Inscriptions upon the Regimental Monuments of the 15th and 16th Iowa Volunteer Infantry. S.l.: s.n., s.d.

Cunningham, Edward O. Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862. New York: Savas Beatie, 2007.

Curl, Donald W. Murat Halstead and the Cincinnati Commercial. Boca Raton: University Presses of Florida, 1980.

Custer, George A. My Life on the Plains, or, Personal Experiences with Indians. New York: Sheldon, 1874.

Dahlgren, Madeleine V. Memoir of John A. Dahlgren, Rear-Admiral United States Navy. Boston: James R. Osgood, 1882.

Dame, William M. From the Rapidan to Richmond and the Spottsylvania Campaign: A Sketch in Personal Narrative of the Scenes a Soldier Saw. Baltimore: Green-Lucas, 1920.

Dana, Charles A. Recollections of the Civil War: With the Leaders at Washington and in the Field in the Sixties. New York: D. Appleton, 1898.

Dana, Charles A., and James H. Wilson. The Life of Ulysses S. Grant, General of the Armies of the United States. Springfield: Gordon Bill, 1868.

Daniel, Larry. Shiloh: The Battle That Changed the Civil War. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998.

———. Days of Glory: The Army of the Cumberland, 1861–1865. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2004.

Darby, John Fletcher. Personal recollections of many prominent people whom I have known, and of eventsespecially of those relating to the history of St. Louisduring the first half of the present century. St. Louis: G.I. Jones, 1880.

Davis, Charles E. Three Years in the Army: The Story of the Thirteenth Massachusetts Volunteers, from July 16, 1861, to August 1, 1864. Boston: Estes and Lauriat, 1894.

Davis, George B., et al. The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War. New York: Barnes & Noble, 2003.

Davis, Oliver W. Life of David Bell Birney, Major-General, United States Volunteers. Philadelphia: King & Baird, 1867.

Dawes, Rufus R. Service with the Sixth Wisconsin Volunteers. Marietta, Ohio: E.R. Alderman & Sons, 1890.

Dawson, Francis W., ed. “Our Women in the War”: The Lives They Lived, the Deaths They Died. Charleston, S.C.: News and Courier Book Presses, 1885.

Dawson, George F. Life and Services of Gen. John A. Logan as Soldier and Statesman. New York: Belford, Clarke, 1887.

de Arnaud, Charles A. The Union, and its Ally, Russia: an Historical Narrative of the most critical and exciting Period of our late War, Reminiscences. Washington: Gibson Bros., 1890.

DeHart, Richard. Past and present of Tippecanoe County Indiana. vol. 1. Indianapolis, Ind.: B.F. Bowen, 1909.

Democratic Party. The Campaign Text Book: Why the People want a Change, The Republican Party Reviewed, its Sins of Commission and Omission. New York: National Democratic Committee, 1876.

———. The Campaign Text Book: Why the People want a Change, The Republican Party Reviewed, its Sins of Commission and Omission. New York: National Democratic Committee, 1880.

DeMontravel, Peter R. A Hero to his Fighting Men: Nelson A. Miles, 1839–1925. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1998.

Denney, Robert E. Civil War Medicine: care & comfort of the wounded. New York: Sterling, 1994.

De Peyster, John Watts. The last ten days service of the old Third Corps (“as we understand it”) with the Army of the Potomac: Address Delivered after the Anniversary Dinner of the Third Corps Union, 5th May, 1887, at the Hotel Windsor, New York: S.l.: s.n., s.d.

de Trobriand, Regis. Four Years with the Army of the Potomac. George K. Dauchy, trans. Boston: Ticknor, 1889.

Detroit Post and Tribune. Zachariah Chandler: An Outline Sketch of his Life and Public Services. Detroit: Post and Tribune, 1880.

Dodge, Grenville M. The Battle of Atlanta and Other Campaigns, Addresses, Etc. Council Bluffs, Iowa: Monarch, 1911.

———. Personal Recollections of President Abraham Lincoln, General Ulysses S. Grant, and General William T. Sherman. Council Bluffs, Iowa: Monarch, 1914.

Dodge, Theodore A. A Bird’s-eye View of our Civil War. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1897.

Dorsey, Sarah A. Recollections of Henry Watkins Allen, Brigadier-General Confederate States Army, Ex-governor of Louisiana. New York: M. Doolady, 1866.

Downing, Alexander G. Downing’s Civil War Diary. Olynthus B. Clark, ed. Des Moines: Historical Department of Iowa, 1916.

Dray, Philip. Capitol Men: The Epic Story of Reconstruction through the Lives of the first Black Congressmen. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2008.

Dudley, C.W. The Battle of Iuka, fought September 19th, 1862, with map of the battlefield. Iuka, Miss.: Iuka Vidette, 1896.

Duke, John H. History of the 53rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry, during the War of the Rebellion, 1861 to 1865, together with more than thirty personal sketches of officers and men. Portsmouth, Ohio: Blade, 1900.

Duncan, Richard R. Alexander Neil and the Last Shenandoah Valley Campaign: Letters of an Army Surgeon to His Family, 1864. Shippensburg, Penn.: White Mane, 1996.

———. Lee’s Endangered Left: the Civil War in Western Virginia, Spring of 1864. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1998.

Dungan, J. Irvine, History of the Nineteenth Regiment, Iowa Volunteer Infantry. Davenport, Iowa: Luse & Griggs, 1865.

Dunkelman, Mark. Marching with Sherman: through Georgia and the Carolinas with the 154th New York. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2012.

DuPont, Henry A. The Campaign of 1864 in the Valley of Virginia and the Expedition to Lynchburg. New York: National Americana Society, 1925.

Durham, Thomas W. Three years with Wallace’s Zouaves: the Civil War memoirs of Thomas Wise Durham. Jeffery L. Patrick, ed. Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 2003.

Dye, John S. (Deacon). Life and public services of Gen. U.S. Grant: the nation’s choice for president in 1868. Philadelphia: Samuel Loag, 1868.

Early, Jubal A. A Memoir of the Last Year of the War for Independence, in the Confederate States of America: Containing an Account of the Operations of his Commands in the Years 1864 and 1865. Lynchburg: C.W. Button, 1867.

Eaton, John, and Ethel O. Mason. Grant, Lincoln, and the Freedmen: Reminiscences of the Civil War with Special Reference to the Work for the Contrabands and Freedmen of the Mississippi Valley. New York: Longmans, Green, 1907.

Eicher, John, and David J. Eicher. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2001.

Einolf, Christopher J. George Thomas: Virginian for the Union. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2007.

Eisenschiml, Otto. The Celebrated Case of Fitz John Porter: An American Dreyfus Affair. Indianapolis: Bobbs Merrill, 1950.

Ellington, Charles G. The Trial of U.S. Grant: The Pacific Coast Years, 1852–1854. Glendale, Calif.: Arthur H. Clarke, 1987.

Elliott, Henry Wood. Memorandum of steps taken by Hutchinson, Kohl & Co. to get possession of the good will and personal property of the old Russian American Company of Alaska. S.l.: s.n., 1916.

Elliott, Sam Davis. Soldier of Tennessee: General Alexander P. Stewart and the Civil War in the West. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1999.

Ellis, Edward S. The People’s Standard History of the United States, from the Landing of the Norsemen to the Present Time, vol. 4. New York, Woolfall, 1897.

Evans, Albert S. Our Sister Republic: A Gala Trip through Tropical Mexico in 1869–70, Adventure and Sight-seeing in the land of the Aztecs, with Picturesque Descriptions of the Country and the People, and Reminiscenses of the Empire and its Downfall. Hartford, Conn.: Columbian, 1870.

Evans, Clement A., ed. Confederate Military History. 12 vols. Atlanta: Confederate Publishing, 1899.

Evans, David. Sherman’s Horsemen: Union Cavalry Operations in the Atlanta Campaign. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996.

Farley, Joseph P. Three rivers, the James, the Potomac, the Hudson: A Retrospect of Peace and War. New York: Neale, 1910.

Fatout, Paul. Ambrose Bierce: The Devil’s Lexicographer. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1951.

Feis, William B. Grant’s Secret Service: The Intelligence War from Belmont to Appomattox. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2002.

Fellman, Michael. Citizen Sherman: A Life of William Tecumseh Sherman. New York: Random House, 1995.

Fleming, Walter L., The Freedmen’s Savings Bank. S.l.: s.n., s.d.

Fletcher, Samuel H. and D.H. Fletcher. The History of Company A, Second Illinois Cavalry. S.l.: s.n., 1912?.

Flipper, Henry Ossian. The Colored Cadet at West Point: Autobiography of Lieut. Henry Ossian Flipper, First Graduate of Color from the U.S. Military Academy. New York: Homer Lee, 1878.

Flower, Frank A. Edwin McMasters Stanton: The Autocrat of Rebellion, Emancipation, and Reconstruction. Akron, Ohio: Saalfield, 1905.

Foner, Eric. Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution, 1863–1877. New York: Harper & Row/Perennial, 1989.

Force, Manning F. From Fort Henry to Corinth. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1881.

Ford, Worthington Chauncey, ed. A Cycle of Adams Letters, 1861–1865. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1920.

Foreman, Amanda. A World on Fire: Britain’s Crucial Role in the American Civil War. New York: Random House, 2010.

Forney, John W. Anecdotes of Public Men. vol. 2. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1881.

———. Life and Military Career of Winfield Scott Hancock: This Work comprises his Early Life, Education and remarkable Military Career, which has made him Senior Major General of the Armies of the United States, and the choice of the Democracy of the Nation for the high Office of President. It also contains a succinct Biographical Sketch of Hon. Wm. H. English. Boston: W.H. Thompson, 1880.

Forman, Jacob G. The Western Sanitary Commission: A Sketch of its Origin, History, Labors for the Sick and Wounded of the Western Armies, and Aid given to Freedmen and Union Refugees, with Incidents of Hospital Life. St. Louis: R.P. Studley, 1864.

Foster, John W. War Stories for My Grandchildren. Washington: privately printed, 1918.

Fowle, George. Letters to Eliza from a Union Soldier, 1862–1865. Margery Greenleaf, ed. Chicago, Follett, 1970.

Fox, Gustavus V. Confidential Correspondence of Gustavus Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, 1861–1865. Robert Means Thompson and Richard Wainwright, eds. 2 vols. New York: De Vinne, 1918–19.

Fox, William F. Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861–1865. Albany, N.Y.: Harper, 1889.

French, Samuel. Two Wars: An Autobiography. Nashville, Tenn.: Confederate Veteran, 1901.

Fry, James B. Military miscellanies. New York: Brentano’s, 1889.

———. The history and legal effect of brevets in the armies of Great Britain and the United States: from their origin in 1692 to the present time. New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1877.

Fuller, J.F.C. The Generalship of Ulysses S. Grant. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1929.

———. Grant and Lee: A Study in Personality and Generalship. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1982.

Furgurson, Ernest B. Not War But Murder: Cold Harbor 1864. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000.

Gallagher, Gary, ed. The Wilderness Campaign. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.

———. The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006

Gallagher, Gary, ed. The Spotsylvania Campaign. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998. [Article by William Matter “Federal High Command”].

Garland, Hamlin. Ulysses S. Grant: His Life and Character. New York: Doubleday & McClure, 1898.

Gerrish, Theodore. Army Life: a Private’s Reminiscences of the Civil War. Portland, Me.: Hoyt, Fogg & Donham, 1882.

Getchell, Kevin. Scapegoat of Shiloh: The Distortion of Lew Wallace’s Record by U.S. Grant. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2013.

Gibbon, John. Personal Recollections of the Civil War. Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1978.

Girardi, Robert I., Jr. and Nathaniel C. Hughes Jr., eds. The Memoirs of Brigadier General William Passmore Carlin, U.S.A. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1999.

Glatthaar, Joseph T. Forged in Battle: The Civil War Alliance of Black Soldiers and White Officers. New York: Free Press, 1990.

Glatthaar, Joseph T. The March to the Sea and Beyond: Sherman’s Troops in the Savannah and Carolinas Campaigns. New York: New York University Press, 1985.

Goodwin, Doris Kearns. Team of Rivals: the Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2005.

Gott, Kendall D. Where the South lost the War: an analysis of the Fort Henry-Fort Donelson campaign, February 1862. Mechanicsburg, Penn.: Stackpole Books, 2003.

Gragg, Rod. Confederate Goliath: The Battle of Fort Fisher. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1991.

Grant, Julia Dent. The Personal Memoirs of Julia Dent Grant. John Y. Simon, ed. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1975.

Grant, Ulysses S. General Grant’s Letters to a Friend, 1861–1880. James Grant Wilson, ed. New York: T.Y. Crowell, 1897.

———. The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant. 32 vols. John Y. Simon, ed. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1967–2012.

———. Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant. 2 vols. New York: Charles L. Webster, 1885–86.

Greiner, James M., Janet L. Coryell, and James R. Smither. A Surgeon’s Civil War: The Letters and Diary of Daniel M. Holt, M.D. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1994.

Gresham, Matilda. Life of Walter Quintin Gresham, 1832–1895. 2 vols. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1919.

Grierson, Benjamin H. A Just and Righteous Cause: Benjamin H. Grierson’s Civil War Memoir. Bruce J. Dinges and Shirley A. Leckie, eds. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2008.

Griffis, William Elliot. Charles Carleton Coffin: War Correspondent, Traveller, Author, and Statesman. Boston: Estes and Lauriat, 1898.

Grimsley, Mark. And Keep Moving On: The Virginia Campaign, May–June 1864. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2002.

Grimsley, Mark and Steven E. Woodworth Shiloh: a battlefield guide. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2006.

Groom, Winston. Vicksburg, 1863. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2009.

Grose, William. The story of the marches, battles and incidents of the 36th Regiment Indiana volunteer infantry. New Castle, Ind.: Courier, 1891.

Hagood, Johnson. Memoirs of the War of Secession, from the Original Manuscripts of Johnson Hagood, Brigadier-General, C.S.A. I. Hagood’s 1st 12 months S.C.V. II. Hagood’s brigade. Columbia, S.C.: State, 1910.

Haines, Alanson A. History of the Fifteenth New Jersey Volunteers. New York: Jenkins & Thomas, 1883.

Haley, John W., and Ruth L. Silliker. The Rebel Yell and the Yankee Hurrah: The Civil War Journal of a Maine Volunteer. Camden, Me.: Down East Books, 1985.

Hamilton, Charles S., and Arthur C. Ducat. Correspondence in Regard to the Battle of Corinth, Miss. October 3d and 4th, 1862. S.l.: s.n., s.d.

Hannaford, Ebenezer. The Story of a Regiment: A History of the Campaigns and Associations in the Field of the Sixth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Cincinnati: by the author, 1868.

Hanson, Joseph Mills. The Conquest of the Missouri: being the story of the life and exploits of Captain Grant Marsh. Chicago, A.C. McClurg, 1909.

Hardin, David. After the War: The Lives and Images of Major Civil War Figures After the Shooting Stopped. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2010.

Harris, Brayton. Blue & Gray in Black & White: Newspapers in the Civil War. Washington: Brassey’s, 1999.

Hart, E.J. History of the Fortieth Illinois Inf. (Volunteers). Cincinnati: H.S. Bosworth, 1864.

Hartpence, William R. History of the Fifty-first Indiana Veteran Volunteer Infantry: a narrative of its organization, marches, battles and other experiences in camp and prison; from 1861 to 1866. Harrison, Ohio: by the author, 1894.

Harwell, Richard B., ed. The War They Fought: II. The Union Reader. New York, Longmans, Green, 1960.

Hattaway, Herman, and Archer Jones. How the North Won: A Military History of the Civil War. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983.

Hauptman, Laurence M. Between Two Fires: American Indians in the Civil War. New York: Free Press, 1995.

Hay, John. Lincoln and the Civil War in the Diaries and Letters of John Hay. Tyler Dennett, ed. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1939.

Hayes, Rutherford B. Diary and Letters of Rutherford Birchard Hayes, Nineteenth President of the United States. 5 vols. Charles R. Williams, ed. Columbus: Ohio State Archæological and Historical Society, 1922–26.

Haynes, Edwin M. A History of the Tenth Regiment, Vt. Vols. Rutland, Vt.: Tuttle, 1894.

Haynes, Fred Emory. James Baird Weaver. Iowa City: State Historical Society of Iowa, 1919.

Hayward, Ambrose H. Last to Leave the Field: the Life and Letters of First Sergeant Ambrose Henry Hayward, 28th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press 2010.

Hazen, William B. A Narrative of Military Service. Boston: Ticknor, 1885.

Hearn, Chester G. Ellet’s Brigade: The Strangest Outfit of All. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2000.

Hedley, Fenwick Y. Marching Through Georgia: Pen-Pictures of Every-Day Life in General Sherman’s Army, From the Beginning of the Atlanta Campaign Until the Close of the War. Chicago: Donohue, Henneberry, 1890.

Heidler, David S. and Jeanne T. Heidler, eds. Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History, vol. 4. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2000.

Hermann, Janet S. The Pursuit of a Dream. (Banner Books) Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1999.

Heroic Incidents of the Civil War in America. New York: Frank Leslie, 1862.

Hess, Earl J. In the Trenches at Petersburg: Field Fortifications & Confederate Defeat. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

———. Trench Warfare under Grant & Lee: Field Fortifications in the Overland Campaign. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.

Hesseltine, William B. Ulysses S. Grant: Politician. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1935.

Hetzel, Bev. Wisconsin Deaths at Shiloh, Tennessee. West Bend, Wisc.: Hetzel, [19–].

Hicken, Victor. Illinois in the Civil War. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1991.

High, Edwin W. History of the Sixty-eighth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, 1862–1865: With a sketch of E. A. King’s Brigade, Reynold’s Division, Thomas’ Corps, in the battle of Chickamauga. S.l.: s.n., 1902.

Hinman, Wilbur F. The Story of the Sherman Brigade: The Camp, the March, the Bivouac, the Battle, and how “the boys” lived and died during four years of active field service. Alliance, Ohio: by the author, 1897.

Hirshson, Stanley P. Grenville M. Dodge: Soldier, Politician, Railroad Pioneer. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1967.

———. The White Tecumseh: A Biography of General William T. Sherman. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1997.

History of the Forty-sixth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry. Logansport, Ind.: Wilson, Humphreys, 1888.

History of the Seventy-ninth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry In the Civil War of Eighteen Sixty-one in the United States. Indianapolis: Hollenbeck, 1899.

Hitchcock, Ethan Allen. Fifty Years in Camp and Field: Diary of Major-General Ethan Allen Hitchcock, U.S.A. W.A. Crofutt, ed. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1909.

Hitt, Michael D. Charged with Treason: Ordeal of 400 Mill Workers during Military Operations in Roswell, Georgia, 1864–1865. Monroe, N.Y.: Library Research Associates, 1992.

Hoar, George F. Autobiography of Seventy Years. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1903.

Hobart, Edwin L. The Truth About Shiloh: a compilation of facts and figuresan analysis reducing to a percentage basis all losses in every command engaged at Shiloh. Denver: Hicks-Fairall, 1909.

Hobart, Edwin L., comp. A story of Vicksburg and Jackson: “Lest We Forget.” Denver: Hicks-Fairall, 1909.

Hoobler, James A. Cities under the Gun: Images of occupied Nashville and Chattanooga. Nashville, Tenn.: Rutledge Hill, 1986.

Hood, John B. Advance and Retreat: Personal Experiences in the United States and Confederate States Armies. Philadelphia: Burk & M’Fetridge, 1880.

Hoogenboom, Ari. Rutherford B. Hayes: Warrior and President. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1995.

Hoppin, James Mason. Life of Andrew Hull Foote: Rear-Admiral United States Navy. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1874.

Horn, John. The Petersburg Campaign, June 1864April 1865. Conshohocken, Penn.: Combined, 1993

Horn, Stanley F. Army of Tennessee: A Military History. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1941.

Howard, Oliver Otis. Autobiography of Oliver Otis Howard, Major General, United States Army. 2 vols. New York: Baker and Taylor, 1908.

Howland, Edward. Grant As a Soldier and Statesman, Being a Succinct History of His Military and Civil Career. Hartford, Conn.: J.B. Burr, 1868.

Hoyt, Edwin P. The Goulds: A Social History. New York: Weybright and Talley, 1969.

Huffman, Alan. Sultana: Surviving Civil War, Prison, and the Worst maritime Disaster in American History. New York: Smithsonian, Collins, 2009.

Hughes, Nathaniel C., Jr. The Battle of Belmont: Grant Strikes South. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

———. Jefferson Davis in Blue: the Life of Sherman’s Relentless Warrior. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2002.

Hughes, Nathaniel C., Jr., and Roy P. Stonesifer Jr. The Life and Wars of Gideon J. Pillow. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993.

Humphreys, Andrew A. Address of Maj. Gen. A.A. Humphreys on the Military Services of the late Maj. Gen. George Gordon Meade, United States Army, made at the Meade Memorial Meeting of the Citizens of Philadelphia, November 18, 1872. Washington, Gibson brothers, 1872.

———. The Virginia Campaign of ’64 and ’65: The Army of the Potomac and the Army of the James. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1883.

Humphreys, Henry H. Reply to General Porter’s Articles which have appeared in the Century Magazine during the years 1896 and 1897. New York: Clark & Zugalla, 1898.

Hunt, Gaillard. Israel, Elihu, and Cadwallader Washburn: A Chapter in American Biography. New York: Macmillan, 1925.

Hunter, Alfred G. History of the Eighty-second Indiana Volunteer Infantry: Its Organization, Campaigns and Battles. Indianapolis: Wm. B. Burford, 1893.

Hurlbut, Stephen A. Between Peace & War, a Report to Lincoln from Charleston, 1861. In the Midst of War, a Letter from Shiloh, 1862. Stephen A. Hurlbut, L.H.D., ed. Charleston, S.C.: St. Albans, 1953.

Hutton, Paul A. Phil Sheridan and His Army. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1973.

Hyde, Thomas W. Following the Greek Cross; or, Memories of the Sixth Army Corps. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1894.

Illustrated Life, Campaigns, and Public Services of Lieutenant General Grant. Philadelphia: T.B. Peterson and Brothers, 1865.

Indiana Shiloh National Park Commission. Indiana at Shiloh: report of the commission. Compiled by John W. Coons. Indianapolis: Indiana Shiloh National Park Commission, 1904.

Iowa Hornets’ Nest Brigade Association. First reunion of Iowa’s Hornet’s Nest Brigade: 2d, 7th, 8th, 12th, and 14th Infantry: held at Des Moines, Iowa, Wednesday and Thursday, October 12 and 13, 1887. Oskaloosa, Iowa: Globe Printing Company, 1888.

———. Third Reunion of Iowa Hornets’ Nest Brigade: 2d, 7th, 8th, 12th, and 14th Infantry, held at Newton, Iowa, Wednesday and Thursday, August 21 and 22, 1895. Newton, Iowa: Record Print, 1896.

Jackson, Oscar Lawrence. The Colonel’s Diary: Journals kept before and during the Civil War by the late Colonel Oscar L. Jackson of New Castle, Pennsylvania, sometime Commander of the 63rd Regiment O. V. I. Sharon? Pa., s.n., 1922.

Jamison, Matthew H. Recollections of Pioneer and Army Life. Kansas City, Mo.: Hudson Press, s.d.

Jellison, Charles A. Fessenden of Maine: Civil War Senator. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1962.

Johnson, Ludwell H. Red River Campaign: Politics and Cotton in the Civil War. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1958.

Johnson, Richard W. A Soldier’s Reminiscences in Peace and War. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1886.

Johnson, Willis Fletcher. Life of Wm. Tecumseh Sherman, Late Retired General U.S.A.: A graphic history of his career in war and peace; his romantic youth, his stern and patriotic manhood; his calm and beautiful old age; a marvellous march from the mountains of time to the sea of eternity. S.l.: Edgewood, 1891.

Jones, Dorothy M. A History of United States Administration in the Pribilof Islands, 1867–1946. Fairbanks: University of Alaska, 1976.

Jones, Evan R. Lincoln, Stanton and Grant: Historical Sketches. London: Frederick Warne, s.d.

Jones, Jacqueline. Saving Savannah: The City and the Civil War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2008.

Jones, Jenkin L. An Artilleryman’s Diary. S.l.: Democrat, 1914.

Jones, John B. A Rebel War Clerk’s Diary at the Confederate States Capital. 2 vols. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1866.

Jones, John W. Personal Reminiscences, Anecdotes, and Letters of Gen. Robert E. Lee. New York: D. Appleton, 1875.

Jones, Samuel C. Reminiscences of the Twenty-second Iowa: Giving its Organization, Marches, Skirmishes, Battles, and Sieges, as taken from the diary of Lieutenant S.C. Jones of Company A. Iowa City, Iowa: n.p., 1907.

Jordan, David M. “Happiness Is Not My Companion”: The Life of General G.K. Warren. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001.

Jordan, Thomas, and J.P. Pryor. The Campaigns of Lieut.-Gen. N.B. Forrest and of Forrest’s Cavalry. New Orleans: Blelock, 1868.

Julian, George W. Political Recollections, 1840 to 1872. Chicago: Jansen, McClurg, 1884.

Kautz, Lawrence G. August Valentine Kautz, U.S.A.: Biography of a Civil War General. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2011.

Keckley, Elizabeth. Behind The Scenes, or, Thirty Years a Slave, and Four Years in the White House. New York: G.W. Carleton, 1868.

Kellogg, Sanford C. The Shenandoah Valley and Virginia, 1861 to 1865: A War Study. New York: Neale, 1903.

Kennaway, John H. On Sherman’s Track, or, The South after the War. London: Seeley, Jackson, and Halliday, 1867.

Kelsey, Kerck. Remarkable Americans: The Washburn Family. Gardiner, Me.: Tilbury House, 2008.

Keyes, Erasmus D. Fifty Years’ Observation of Men and Events: Civil and Military. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1884.

Kiene, Francis A. A Civil War diary. Ralph E. Kiene, ed., Shawnee Mission, Kan.: privately published, 1974.

Kimbell, Charles B. History of Battery “A” First Illinois Light Artillery Volunteers. Chicago: Cushing, 1899.

Kimberly, Robert L. and Ephraim S. Holloway. The Forty-first Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry in the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865. Cleveland: W.R. Smellie, 1897.

Kiner, F.F. One Year’s Soldiering. Lancaster, Penn.: E.H. Thomas, 1863.

King, William C., and W.P. Derby, eds. Campfire Sketches and Battle Field Echoes of the Rebellion. Springfield, Mass.: W.C. King, 1887.

Kionka, Terri K. Key Command: Ulysses S. Grant’s District of Cairo. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2006.

Kirk, Hyland C. Heavy Guns and Light: a History of the 4th New York Heavy Artillery. New York: C.T. Dillingham, 1890.

Kleber, John E. The Encyclopedia of Louisville. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2001.

Klein, Maury. History of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. New York: Macmillan, 1972.

———. Union Pacific: Volume 1, 1862–1893. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2006.

Knox, Thomas W. Camp-Fire and Cotton-Field: Southern Adventure in Time of War, Life with the Union Armies, and Residence on a Louisiana Plantation. New York: Blelock, 1865.

Koerner, Gustave. Memoirs of Gustave Koerner 1809–1896: Life-sketches Written at the Suggestion of his Children. Cedar Rapids, Iowa: Torch Press, 1909.

Korn, Bertram W. American Jewry and the Civil War. New York: Atheneum, 1970.

Kreiser, Lawrence A. Defeating Lee: A History of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2011.

Lamers, William M. The Edge of Glory: A Biography of General William S. Rosecrans, U.S.A. New York: Harcourt, Brace, & World, 1961.

Lane, David. A Soldier’s Diary: The Story of a Volunteer, 1862–1865. S.l.: s.n., s.d.

Larke, Julian K. General Grant and His Campaigns. New York: J.C. Derby, 1864.

Larson, Kay Great Necessities: The Life, Times and Writings of Anna Ella Carroll. Philadelphia: Xlibris, 2004.

Lash, Jeffrey N. A Politician Turned General: the Civil War Career of Stephen Augustus Hurlbut. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2003.

LeConte, Joseph. The Autobiography of Joseph Le Conte. William Dallam Armes, ed. New York: D. Appleton, 1903.

Le Duc, William Gates. Recollections of a Civil War Quartermaster: The Autobiography of William G. Le Duc. St. Paul, Minn.: North Central, 1963.

Long, Armistead L. Memoirs of Robert E. Lee: His Military and Personal History embracing a large Amount of Information hitherto unpublished. New York: J.M. Stoddart, 1887.

Lee, Dan. The L&N Railroad in the Civil War: A Vital North-South Link and the Struggle to Control It. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2011.

Lee, Fitzhugh. General Lee. New York: D. Appleton, 1898.

Lee, Robert E. Lee’s Dispatches: Unpublished Letters of General Robert E. Lee, C.S.A., to Jefferson Davis and the War Department of the Confederate States of America, 1862–1865. Douglas Southall Freeman, ed. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1915.

———. The Wartime Papers of Robert E. Lee. Clifford Dowdey and Louis H. Manarin, eds. New York: Da Capo, 1987.

Lemcke, J. Augustus. Reminiscences of an Indianian: from the Sassafras Log behind the Barn in Posey County to Broader Fields. Indianapolis: Hollenbeck, 1905.

Lewis, George. The History of Battery E, First Regiment Rhode Island Light Artillery in the War of 1861 and 1865, to preserve the Union. Providence: Snow & Farnham, 1892.

Lewis, Lloyd. Captain Sam Grant. Boston: Little, Brown, 1950. [and 1991]

———. Sherman: Fighting Prophet. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1932.

———. Letters from Lloyd Lewis, Showing Steps in the Research for His Biography of U.S. Grant. Robert Maynard Hutchins, ed. Boston: Little, Brown, 1950.

Lewis, Osceola. History of the One Hundred Thirty-eighth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. Norristown, Penn.: Wills, Iredell & Jenkins, 1866.

Liddell Hart, B.H. Sherman: Soldier, Realist, American. New York: Da Capo, 1993.

Lindsey, T.J. Ohio at Shiloh: Report of the Commission. Cincinnati: C.J. Krehbiel, 1903.

Livermore, Mary. My Story Of The War: A Woman’s Narrative of Four Years Personal Experience, as nurse in the Union Army, and in relief work at home, in hospitals, camps, and at the front during the war of the rebellion. With anecdotes, pathetic incidents, and thrilling reminiscences portraying the lights and shadows of hospital life and the sanitary service of the war. Hartford: A.D. Worthington, 1896.

Livermore, Thomas L. Days and Events: 1860–1866. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1920.

———. Numbers and Losses in the Civil War in America: 1861–1865. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1900.

Locke, William H. The Story of the Regiment. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1868.

Logan, Mary S. Reminiscences of a Soldier’s Wife: An Autobiography. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1913.

Longacre, Edward G. Army of Amateurs: General Benjamin F. Butler and the Army of the James, 1863–1865. Mechanicsburg, Penn.: Stackpole Books, 1997.

———. From Union Stars to Top Hat: A Biography of the Extraordinary General James Harrison Wilson. Harrisburg, Penn.: Stackpole, 1972.

———. A Regiment of Slaves: the 4th United States Colored Infantry, 1863–1866. Mechanicsburg, Penn.: Stackpole Books, 2003.

———. Ulysses S. Grant: The Soldier and the Man. Cambridge, Mass.: Da Capo, 2006.

Longstreet, James. From Manassas to Appomattox: Memoirs of the Civil War in America. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1896.

Louisville (Ky.) Citizens. The Sixty-Third Birthday of General Ulysses S. Grant, April 27th 1885, Louisville, Ky. Louisville: Kentucky, 1885.

Lowry, Thomas P. The Story the Soldiers Wouldn’t Tell: Sex in the Civil War. Mechanicsburg: Penn.: Stackpole Books, 1994.

The Loyal Girl of Winchester, September, 1864. S.l.: s.n., s.d.

Lucas, Marion B. Sherman and the Burning of Columbia. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1976.

Lutyens, Mary. The Lyttons in India: An Account of Lord Lytton’s Viceroyalty, 1876–1880. London: John Murray, 1979.

Lyman, Theodore, Meade’s Army: The Private Notebooks of Lt. Col. Theodore Lyman. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2007.

Lynch, Charles H. The Civil War Diary, 1862–1865, of Charles H. Lynch, 18th Conn. Vol’s. Hartford: Case, Lockwood & Brainard, 1915.

McAllister, Anna Shannon. Ellen Ewing, Wife of General Sherman. New York: Benziger Brothers, 1936.

McClellan, Carswell. Notes on the Personal Memoirs of P.H. Sheridan. St. Paul, Minn.: Wm. E. Banning, Jr., 1880.

———. The Personal Memoirs and Military History of U.S. Grant Versus the Record of the Army of the Potomac. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1887.

McClure, Alexander K. Colonel Alexander K. McClure’s Recollections of Half a Century. Salem, Mass.: Salem, 1902.

McCulloch, Hugh. Men and Measures of Half a Century: Sketches and Comments. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1888.

McDonald, John. Secrets of the Great Whiskey Ring, containing a complete exposure of the illicit whiskey frauds culminating in 1875. Chicago: Belford, Clarke, 1880.

McDonough, James L. Chattanooga: A Death Grip on the Confederacy. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1984.

———. Nashville: The Western Confederacy’s Final Gamble. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2004.

McDonough, James L., and Thomas L. Connelly. Five Tragic Hours: The Battle of Franklin. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1983.

McElfresh, Earl B. Maps and Mapmakers of the Civil War. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1999.

McElroy, John. Life of Maj.-Gen. George H. Thomas. Washington: National Tribune, 1896.

McFeely, William S. Grant: A Biography. New York: W.W. Norton, 1981.

McKaye, James. The Mastership and its Fruits: The Emancipated Slave Face to Face with his old Master, A Supplemental Report to Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War. New York: Wm. C. Bryant, 1864.

McKitrick, Eric L. Andrew Johnson and Reconstruction. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960.

McLaughlin, John M. Letters concerning General Hector Tyndale, January, 1884. Philadelphia: s.n., 1884.

McLean, William Clark. Civil War diary of William Clark McLean, 123rd Regiment, Infantry, N.Y.S.V., Washington county, New York. S.l.: s.n., s.d.

McMurray, John. Recollections of a Colored Troop. S.l.: s.n., 1916.

McMurry, Richard M. Atlanta 1864: Last Chance for the Confederacy. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000.

McNeil, S.A. Personal Recollections of Service in the Army of the Cumberland and Sherman’s Army, from August 17, 1861 to July 20, 1865. S.l.: s.n., s.d.

McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

———. Tried by War: Abraham Lincoln As Commander in Chief. New York: Penguin, 2008.

McPherson, John D. The Evolution of the Myth, as Exemplified in General Grant’s history of the Plot of President Polk and Marcy to Sacrifice two American Armies in the Mexican War of 1846–1848, By Senex. Washington: W.H. Morrison, 1890.

McWhiney, Grady, and Perry D. Jamieson. Attack and Die: Civil War Military Tactics and the Southern Heritage. University: University of Alabama Press, 1982.

Mahan, Alfred T. The Navy in the Civil War: The Gulf and Inland Waters. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1883.

Mahon, Michael G. The Shenandoah Valley 1861–1865: The Destruction of the Granary of the Confederacy. Mechanicsburg, Penn.: Stackpole Books, 1999.

Manning, Chandra. What this Cruel War was over: Soldiers, Slavery and the Civil War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2007.

Markens, Isaac. Abraham Lincoln and the Jews. New York: privately published, 1909.

Marshall, T.B. History of the Eighty-third Ohio Volunteer Infantry: The Greyhound Regiment. Cincinnati: The Eighty-third Ohio Volunteer Infantry Association, 1912.

Marszalek, John F. Sherman: A Soldier’s Passion for Order. New York: Free Press, 1993.

Martin, John A. Military History of the Eighth Kansas Veteran Volunteer Infantry. Leavenworth, Kan.: Daily Bulletin, 1869.

Martin, Samuel J. Kill-Cavalry: The Life of Union General Hugh Judson Kilpatrick. Mechanicsburg, Penn.: Stackpole, 2000.

Marvel, William. Lincoln’s Darkest Year: the War in 1862. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2008.

Marx, Rudolph. The Health Of The Presidents. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1960.

Mason, F.H. The Forty-second Ohio Infantry: a History of the Organization and Services of that Regiment in the War of the Rebellion, with Biographical Sketches of its Field Officers and a Full Roster of the Regiment. Cleveland: Cobb, Andrews, 1876.

Matter, William D. If It Takes All Summer: The Battle of Spotsylvania. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

Meade, George G. Life and Letters of General George Gordon Meade, Major-General United States Army. George Meade, ed. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1913.

Merrill, James M. William Tecumseh Sherman. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1971.

Meyer, Steve. Iowa Valor: a Compilation of Civil War Combat Experiences from Soldiers of the State Distinguished as most Patriotic of the Patriotic. Garrison, Iowa: Meyer Pub., 1994.

Meyers, Christopher C. Union General John A. McClernand and the Politics of Command. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2010.

Miller, Merle. Ike the Soldier: As they knew him. New York: Perigee, 1987.

Mitchell, Reid. Civil War Soldiers. New York: Viking, 1988.

Moore, Frank, ed. The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events, with Documents, Narratives, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry, etc. 11 vols. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1861–1868.

Morris, Roy, Jr. Fraud of the Century: Rutherford B. Hayes, Samuel Tilden, and the Stolen Election of 1876. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003.

———. Sheridan: The Life and Wars of General Phil Sheridan. New York: Crown, 1992.

Moulton, Charles W. The Review of General Sherman’s Memoirs examined, chiefly in the light of its own evidence. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke, 1875.

National Tribune Scrap Book: Stories of the Camp, March, Battle, Hospital and Prison Told by Comrades, no. 3. Washington: National Tribune, s.d.

Nevins, Allan. Hamilton Fish: The Inner History of the Grant Administration. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1936.

New York Monuments Commission. In Memoriam: Henry Warner Slocum. Albany, N.Y.: J.B. Lyon, 1904.

Newberry, J.S. U.S. Sanitary Commission: Brief reports of the operations of the Sanitary Commission in Tennessee, May, 1862. S.l.: s.n., 1862.

———. The U.S. Sanitary Commission in the Valley of the Mississippi, During the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1866. Cleveland: Fairbanks, Benedict, 1871.

Nichols, George W. The Story of the Great March, from the Diary of a Staff Officer. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1865.

Nicolay, John G. With Lincoln in the White House: letters, memoranda, and other writings of John G. Nicolay, 1860–1865. Michael Burlingame, ed. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2000.

Niven, John. Gideon Welles: Lincoln’s Secretary of the Navy. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1973.

Nolan, Dick. Benjamin Franklin Butler: The Damnedest Yankee. Novato, Calif.: Presidio, 1991.

Oates, Stephen B. A Woman of Valor: Clara Barton and the Civil War. New York: Free Press, 1994.

Oberholtzer, Ellis Paxson. Jay Cooke: Financier of the Civil War. 2 vols. Philadelphia: George W. Jacobs, 1907.

Obreiter, John and David Wilson Reed. The Seventy-seventh Pennsylvania at Shiloh: History of the Regiment; the Battle of Shiloh. Harrisburg: Harrisburg Publishing, 1905.

Odell, Samuel W. The Lives and Campaigns of Grant and Lee: A Comparison and Contrast of the Deeds and Characters of the Two Great Leaders in the Civil War. Chicago: Star, 1895.

Oldroyd, Osborn H. A Soldier’s Story of the Siege of Vicksburg, From the Diary of Osborn H. Oldroyd, with Confederate Accounts from Authentic Sources and an Introduction by Brevet Maj.-Gen. M.F. Force. Springfield, Ill.: H.W. Rokker, 1885.

Olmsted, Frederick Law. The Papers of Frederick Law Olmsted: Defending the Union: The Civil War and the U.S. Sanitary Commission, 1861–1863. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986.

Opdycke, Emerson. To Battle for God and the Right: the Civil War Letterbooks of Emerson Opdycke. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2003.

Orendorff, H.H., et al., comp. Reminiscences of the Civil War from Diaries of Members of the 103d Illinois Volunteer Infantry. Chicago: J.F. Leaming, 1904.

Osborne, Thomas W. The Fiery Trail: A Union Officer’s Account of Sherman’s Last Campaigns, Richard Harwell and Philip N. Racine, eds. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1986.

Owens, Ira S. Greene County Soldiers in the late War: Being a History of the Seventy-fourth O.V.I. Dayton, Ohio: Christian, 1884.

Page, Charles A. Letters of a War Correspondent. J.R. Gilmore, ed. Boston: L.C. Page, 1899.

Paine, Albert B. A Sailor of Fortune: Personal Memoirs of Captain B.S. Osbon. New York: McClure, Phillips, 1906.

———. Th. Nast: His Period and His Pictures. New York: Macmillan, 1904.

Palfrey, Francis Winthrop. Memoir of William Francis Bartlett. Boston: Houghton, Osgood, 1879.

Palmer, John M. Personal Recollections of John M. Palmer; the Story of an Earnest Life. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke, 1901

Parker, Arthur C. The Life of General Ely S. Parker, Last Grand Sachem of the Iroquois and General Grant’s Military Secretary. Buffalo: Buffalo Historical Society, 1919.

Patchan, Scott C. The Forgotten Fury: The Battle of Piedmont, Virginia. Fredericksburg, Va.: Sergeant Kirkland’s Museum and Historical Society 1996.

Patrick, Marsena Rudolph. Inside Lincoln’s Army: The Diary of Marsena Rudolph Patrick, Provost Marshal General, Army of the Potomac. David S. Sparks, ed. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1964.

Patton, William W. Report of the Chicago Sanitary Commission, [March 25th, 1862] S.l.: s.n., 1862.

Pennypacker, Isaac R. General Meade. New York: D. Appleton, 1901.

Pepper, George W. Personal Recollections of Sherman’s Campaigns in Georgia and the Carolinas. Zanesville: Hugh Dunne, 1866.

Perling, Joseph J. Presidents’ Sons: The Prestige of Name in a Democracy. Freeport, N.Y.: Books for Libraries, 1971.

Perret, Geoffrey. Ulysses S. Grant: Soldier and President. New York: Random House, 1997.

Perrin, William Henry, ed., History of Alexander, Union and Pulaski Counties, Illinois. Chicago: O.L. Baskin, 1883.

Pfanz, Donald C. The Letters of General Richard S. Ewell: Stonewall’s Successor. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2012.

———. Richard S. Ewell: A Soldier’s Life. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Piatt, Donn. Memories of the Men Who Saved the Union. New York: Belford, Clarke, 1887.

Piatt, Donn and Henry V. Boynton, General George H. Thomas: a Critical Biography. Cincinnati: R. Clarke, 1893.

Pierce, C.W. Reunions of Taylor’s Battery: 18th Anniversary of the Battle of Fort Donelson, February 14, 1880; 25th Anniversary of the Battle of Belmont, November 6, 1886. Chicago: Craig, 1890.

Pierce, S.W. Battle Fields and Camp Fires of the Thirty-eighth. Milwaukee: Daily Wisconsin, 1866.

Plum, William R. The Military Telegraph during the Civil War in the United States: with an Exposition of ancient and modern means of Communication, and of the Federal and Confederate cipher systems; also a Running Account of the War between the States. 2 vols. Chicago: Jansen, McClurg, 1882.

Politzer, Eric. “Robert Creighton Murphy: U.S. Consul at Shanghai, Brigade Commander, National Scapegoat.” Association for the Preservation of Historic Congressional Cemetery Newsletter. Washington: s.n., Fall 2002.

Pond, George E. The Shenandoah Valley in 1864. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1883.

Poore, Benjamin P., ed. The Conspiracy Trial for the Murder of the President, and the attempt to Overthrow the Government by the Assassination of its Principal Officers. 2 vols. Boston: J.E. Tilton, 1865.

Poore, Benjamin P., and O.H. Tiffany. Life of U.S. Grant. Philadelphia: Hubbard Brothers, 1885.

Porter, David D. Incidents and Anecdotes of the Civil War. New York: D. Appleton, 1885.

Porter, Horace. Campaigning with Grant. New York: Century, 1907.

Post, James L., ed. Reminiscences by Personal Friends of Gen. U.S. Grant and the History of Grant’s Log Cabin. St. Louis: privately published, 1904.

Post, Lydia M. ed. Soldiers’ Letters from Camp, Battle-Field and Prison. New York: Bunce & Huntington, 1865.

Post, Marie C. The Life and Mémoirs of Comte Régis de Trobriand, Major-General in the Army of the United States. New York: E.P. Dutton, 1910.

Potter, Jerry O. The Sultana Tragedy: America’s Greatest Maritime Disaster. Gretna, La.: Pelican Publishing, 1992.

Powell, Lawrence N. New Masters: Northern Planters during the Civil War and Reconstruction. 1980.

Powell, William H. The Fifth Army Corps (Army of the Potomac): A Record of Operations during the Civil War in the United States of America, 18611865. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1896.

Prowell, George R. History of the Eighty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, prepared from official records, diaries, and other authentic sources of information. York, Penn.: York Daily, 1903.

Quiner, Edwin B. The Military History of Wisconsin: A Record of the Civil and Military Patriotism of the State in the War for the Union. Chicago: Clarke, 1866.

Rafuse, Ethan S. Robert E. Lee and the Fall of the Confederacy, 1863–1865. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2009.

Randall, James G. and Richard N. Current. Lincoln, the President: Last Full Measure. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991.

Ranstead, H.E. A true story and history of the Fifty-third Regiment Illinois Veteran Volunteer Infantry: Its campaigns and marches, incidents that occurred on marches and in camp, what happened to some of its members and what became of others, short stories of marches and how the army lived. S.l.: s.n., 1910.

Ray, William. Four Years with the Iron Brigade: The Civil War Journal of William Ray, Seventh Wisconsin. Lance Herdegen and Sherry Murphy, eds. Cambridge, Mass.: Da Capo Press, 2002.

Reagan, John H. Memoirs, with Special Reference to Secession and the Civil War. New York: Neale, 1906.

Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C., vol. 18, Committee on Publication, comp. Washington: Columbia Historical Society, 1915.

Reed, Rowena. Combined Operations in the Civil War. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1978.

Reed, Sam. Rockwell. The Vicksburg Campaign, and the Battles about Chattanooga under the Command of General U.S. Grant in 1862–63: An Historical Review. Cincinnati: R. Clarke, 1882.

Reid, Whitelaw. A Radical View: The “Agate” Dispatches of Whitelaw Reid, 1861–1865. James G. Smart, ed. 2 vols. Memphis: Memphis State University Press, 1976.

———, Ohio in the War; her Statesmen, her Generals, and Soldiers. 2 vols. Cincinnati: Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin, 1868.

Reinhart, Joseph R., ed. August Willich’s gallant Dutchmen: Civil War letters from the 32nd Indiana Infantry. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2006.

Report of Proceedings of Ohio Brigade Reunion, including Addresses, Correspondence, etc. held at Columbus, Ohio, October 3 and 4, 1878. Mt. Vernon, Ohio: Chase & Cassil, 1879.

Rerick, John H. The Forty-Fourth Indiana: History of its services in the War of the Rebellion and a personal record of its members. LaGrange, Indiana: published by the author, 1880.

Rhea, Gordon C. The Battle of the Wilderness, May 5–6, 1864. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1994.

———. The Battles for Spotsylvania Court House and Yellow Tavern, May 7–12, 1864. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1997.

———. Cold Harbor: Grant and Lee, May 26–June 3, 1864. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2002.

———. To the North Anna River: Grant and Lee, May 13–25, 1864. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2000.

Rich, Joseph W. The Battle of Shiloh. Iowa City: State Historical Society of Iowa, 1911.

Richardson, Albert Deane. The Secret Service: the Field, the Dungeon, and the Escape. Hartford, Conn.: American Publishing, 1865.

———. A Personal History of Ulysses S. Grant. Hartford, Conn.: American Publishing, 1868.

———. A Personal History of Ulysses S. Grant. Hartford, Conn.: American Publishing, 1885.

Richardson, James D. A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents. Vols 8–9. New York: Bureau of National Literature, 1897

Ringwalt, John Luther. Anecdotes of General Ulysses S. Grant, Illustrating His Military and Political Career and His Personal Traits. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1886.

Ritter, Charles F., and Jon L. Wakelyn. Leaders of the American Civil War: A Biographical and Historiographical Dictionary. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1998.

Robertson, James I., Jr. General A.P. Hill: The Story of a Confederate Warrior. New York: Random House, 1987.

Robertson, William G. Back Door to Richmond: The Bermuda Hundred Campaign, April–June 1864. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1987.

Robinson, Arthur J. Memorandum and Anecdotes of the Civil War, 1862 to 1865. Portland, Ore.: Glass & Prudhomme, 1910.

Rodenbough, Theophilus F., ed. Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States. vol. 36. New York: Military Service Institution, 1905.

Roe, Alfred S. The Thirty-ninth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, 1862–1865. Worcester, Mass.: Regimental Veteran Association, 1914.

Roe, Alfred S, and Charles Nutt. History of the First Regiment of Heavy Artillery Massachusetts Volunteers, Formerly the Fourteenth Regiment of Infantry, 1861–1865. Worcester, Mass.: Regimental Association, 1917.

Rollins, Sgt. TA      Soldiers’ Letters from Camp, Battlefield & Prison

Rosenblatt, Emil, and Ruth Rosenblatt, eds. Hard Marching every Day: the Civil War Letters of Private Wilbur Fisk, 18611865. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1992.

Ross, Ishbel. The General’s Wife: The Life of Mrs. Ulysses S. Grant. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1959.

Royall, William L. Some Reminiscences. New York: Neale, 1909.

Rusling, James F. Men and Things I Saw in Civil War Days. New York: Eaton & Mains, 1899.

Rutkow, Ira M. James A. Garfield. New York: Times, 2006.

Salinger, Lawrence M. ed. Encyclopedia of White-Collar & Corporate Crime. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage, 2005.

Sample, Alvan E. A History of Company “A”, 30th Illinois Infantry. S.l.: s.n., 1907.

Sarna, Jonathan. When General Grant Expelled the Jews. New York: Schocken, 2012.

Schaff, Morris. The Battle of the Wilderness. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1910.

Schofield, John M. Forty-six Years in the Army. New York: Century, 1897.

Schoonover, Thomas D., ed., Mexican Lobby: Matías Romero in Washington, 1861–1867. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1986.

Schurz, Carl. Intimate Letters of Carl Schurz, 1841–1869. Joseph Schafer, trans. and ed. Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1928.

Scott, Charles M. The Origin of the Tennessee Campaign, as a Refutation of the Fradulent Claim of Miss Anna Ella Carroll. Terre Haute, Ind.: Moore & Langen, 1889.

Scott, Edwin J. Random Recollections of a Long Life, 1806–1876. Columbia, S.C.: Charles A. Calvo, Jr., 1884.

Scott, Robert G. Into the Wilderness with the Army of the Potomac. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1985.

Scott, Samuel W. and Samuel P. Angel. History of the Thirteenth Regiment, Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry, U.S.A.: Including a Narrative of the Bridge Burning; the Carter County Rebellion, and the Loyalty, Heroism and Suffering of the Union Men and Women of Carter and Johnson Counties, Tennessee, during the Civil War. Philadelphia: P.W. Ziegler, 1903.

Scribner, Benjamin F. How Soldiers Were Made; or the War as I saw it under Buell, Rosecrans, Thomas, Grant and Sherman. New Albany, Ind.: Donohue & Henneberry, 1887.

Scrymser, James A. Personal Reminiscences of James A. Scrymser: In Times of Peace and War. Easton, Penn., Eschenbach, 1915.

Sedgwick, John. Correspondence of John Sedgwick, Major-General. Vol 2. New York: De Vinne, 1903.

Seward, Frederick W. Seward at Washington, as Senator and Secretary of State: A Memoir of his Life, with Selections from his Letters, 1861–1872. 3 vols. New York: Derby and Miller, 1891.

Shanks, William F.G. Personal Recollections of Distinguished Generals. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1866.

Shaw, Horace. The First Maine Heavy Artillery: a History of its Part and Place in the War for the Union, with an Outline of Causes of War and its Results to our Country. Portland, Me.: s.n., 1903.

Sheridan, Philip H. Personal Memoirs of P.H. Sheridan, General United States Army. 2 vols. New York: Charles L. Webster, 1888.

Sherman, Francis T. Quest for a Star: The Civil War Letters and Diaries of Colonel Francis T. Sherman of the 88th Illinois. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1999.

Sherman, William T. Home Letters of General Sherman. Mark A. DeWolfe Howe, ed. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1909.

———. Memoirs of General William T. Sherman. 2 vols. New York: D. Appleton, 1875.

———. The Sherman Letters: Correspondence Between General and Senator Sherman from 1837 to 1891. Rachel Sherman Thorndike, ed. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1894.

———. Sherman’s Civil War: Selected Correspondence of William T. Sherman, 1860–1865. Brooks D. Simpson and Jean V. Berlin, eds. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Sherman, William T., et al. Who burnt Columbia? Official Depositions of Wm. Tecumseh Sherman and Gen. O.O. Howard, U.S.A., for the Defence, and Extracts from some of the Depositions for the Claimants. Charleston, S.C.: Walker, Evans & Cogswell, 1873.

Simms, William G. Sack and Destruction of the City of Columbia, S.C., to which is Added a List of the Property Destroyed. Columbia, S.C.: Power Press of Daily Phoenix, 1865.

Simon, John Y. The Union Forever: Lincoln, Grant, and the Civil War. Lexington, Ky: University Press of Kentucky, 2012.

Simon, John Y. Ulysses S. Grant Chronology. Athens: Ohio Historical Society, 1963.

Simon, John Y., and David L. Wilson., eds. Ulysses S. Grant: Essays and Documents. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1981.

Simonhoff, Harry. Jewish Participants in the Civil War. New York: Arco, 1963.

Simpson, Brooks D. Let Us Have Peace: Ulysses S. Grant and the Politics of War and Reconstruction, 1861–1868. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

———. Ulysses S. Grant: Triumph Over Adversity, 1822–1865. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2000.

Simpson, Brooks D., LeRoy P. Graf, and John Muldowney, eds. Advice After Appomattox: Letters to Andrew Johnson, 1865–1866. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1987.

Smith, Carlton L. Peabody at Shiloh: a short study of courage and injustice. Harvard, Mass.: the author, 1983.

Smith, Charles H. The History of Fuller’s Ohio Brigade: Its Great March, with Roster, Portraits, Battle Maps, and Biographies, 1861–1865. Cleveland: A.J. Watt, 1909.

Smith, Diane Monroe. Command Conflicts in Grant’s Overland Campaign: Ambition and Animosity in the Army of the Potomac. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2013.

Smith, Henry. History of the Seventh Iowa Veteran Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War. Mason City, Iowa: E. Hitchcock, 1903.

Smith, Jacob Hurd. Personal reminiscences three weeks prior, during and ten days after the Battle of Shiloh. Detroit: Winn & Hammond, 1894.

Smith, Jean Edward. Grant. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001.

Smith, John David, ed. Black Soldiers in Blue: African American Troops in the Civil War Era. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

Smith, John Day. The History of the Nineteenth Regiment of Maine Volunteer Infantry, 1862–1865. Minneapolis: Great Western, 1909.

Smith, Myron J. The Timberclads in the Civil War: the Lexington, Conestoga, and Tyler on the Western Waters. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2008.

Smith, Ronald D. Thomas Ewing Jr.: Frontier Lawyer and Civil War General. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2008.

Smith, Walter George. Life and Letters of Thomas Kilby Smith, Brevet Major General United States Volunteers, 1820–1887. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1898.

Smith, Timothy B. Champion Hill: Decisive Battle for Vicksburg. New York: Savas Beatie, 2006.

———. Rethinking Shiloh: Myth and Memory. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2013.

Smith, William E. The Francis Preston Blair Family in Politics. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1933.

Smith, William F. Autobiography of Major General William F. Smith. Dayton, Ohio: Morningside House, 1990.

———. From Chattanooga to Petersburg under Generals Grant and Butler: A Contribution to the History of the War, and a Personal Vindication. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1893.

Society of the Army of the Cumberland. Burial of General Rosecrans, Arlington National Cemetery, May 17, 1902. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke, 1903.

———. Society of the Army of the Cumberland: Twenty-fourth Reunion 1893. Cleveland: Robert Clarke, 1894.

Society of the Army of the Tennessee. Report of the proceedings of the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, at the fourteenth annual meeting, held at Cincinnati Ohio, April 6th and 7th, 1881. Cincinnati: The Society, 1885.

———. Report of the proceedings of the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, at the thirty-eighth meeting, held at St. Louis, Missouri, November 11–12, 1908. Cincinnati: Chas. O. Ebel, 1909.

Sommers, Richard J. Richmond Redeemed: The Siege at Petersburg. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1981.

South Carolina Women in the Confederacy. Mrs. A.T. Smythe, et al., comps. and eds. Columbia, S.C.: State, 1903.

Spencer, Cornelia P. The Last Ninety Days of the War in North Carolina. New York: Watchmen, 1866.

Spiegel, Marcus. A Jewish Colonel in the Civil War: Marcus M. Spiegel of the Ohio Volunteers, Jean Powers Soman and Frank L. Byrne, eds. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1995.

Stackpole, Edward J. Sheridan in the Shenandoah: Jubal Early’s Nemesis. Harrisburg, Penn.: Stackpole, 1961.

Stahr, Walter. Seward: Lincoln’s Indispensable Man. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2012.

Stanley, David S. An American General: The Memoirs of David Sloan Stanley. Samuel W. Fordyce, ed. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Narrative, 2003.

Stansfield, F.W.H. The Life of Gen’l U.S. Grant, the General in Chief of the United States Army. New York: T.R. Dawley, 1864.

Stanton, Benjamin. Letter of Lieut. Gov. Stanton in reply to Hon. Thos. Ewing. Columbus: Ohio State Journal, 1862.

Starr, Stephen Z. The Union Cavalry in the Civil War. 3 vols. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1985.

Steere, Edward. The Wilderness Campaign: The Meeting of Grant and Lee. Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole, 1994.

Stephens, Alexander H. Recollections of Alexander H. Stephens: His Diary Kept when a Prisoner at Fort Warren, Boston Harbour, 1865, Giving Incidents and Reflections of his Prison Life and some Letters and Reminiscences. Myrta L. Avary, ed. New York: Doubleday, Page, 1910.

Stevens, George T. Three Years in the Sixth Corps: A Concise Narrative of Events in the Army of the Potomac, from 1861 to the Close of the Rebellion, April, 1865. Albany, N.Y.: S.R. Gray, 1866.

Stewart, Edgar I. Custer’s Luck. Norman: University of Oklahoma, 1955.

Stewart, William M. Reminiscences of Senator William M. Stewart of Nevada. Edited by George Rothwell Brown. New York: Neale, 1908.

Stiles, Robert. Four Years Under Marse Robert. New York: Neale, 1903.

Stillé, Charles. History of the United States Sanitary Commission: being the general report of its work during the War of the Rebellion. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1866.

Stillwell, Leander. The Story of a Common Soldier of Army Life in the Civil War, 1861–1865. S.l.: Franklin Hudson, 1920.

Stockton, Joseph. War Diary (1862–5) of Brevet Brigadier General Joseph Stockton. Chicago: John T. Stockton, 1910.

Stone, Candace. Dana and The Sun. New York: Dodd, Mead,1938.

Storey, Moorfield and Edward W. Emerson. Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar: A Memoir. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1911.

The Story of American Heroism: Thrilling Narratives of Personal Adventures during the great Civil War, as told by the Medal Winners and Roll of Honor Men. Springfield, Ohio: J.W. Jones, 1896.

Strother, David Hunter. A Virginia Yankee in the Civil War: The Diaries of David Hunter Strother. Cecil D. Eby, ed. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1961.

Stuart, Addison A. Iowa Colonels: being a History of Iowa regiments in the War of the Rebellion; and containing a description of the battles in which they have fought. Des Moines: Mills,1865.

Stuart, George H. The Life of George H. Stuart. Philadelphia: J.M. Stoddard, 1890.

Styple, William B. Generals in Bronze: Interviewing the Commanders of the Civil War. Kearny, N.J.: Belle Grove, 2005.

Swann, Leonard Alexander. John Roach: Maritime Entrepreneur, the Years as Naval Contractor, 1862–1886. Annapolis, Md., United States Naval Institute, 1965.

Swinton, William. Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac: A Critical History of Operations in Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania from the Commencement to the Close of the War, 1861–1865. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1882.

Sword, Wiley. The Confederacy’s Last Hurrah: Spring Hill, Franklin, and Nashville. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1992.

Sword, Wiley. Mountains Touched with Fire: Chattanooga Besieged, 1863. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997.

———. Shiloh: Bloody April. New York, Morrow, 1974.

Symonds, Craig L. Lincoln and his Admirals: Abraham Lincoln, the U.S. Navy, and the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Tap, Bruce. Over Lincoln’s Shoulder: The Committee on the Conduct of the War. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998.

Taylor, Benjamin F. Pictures of Life in Camp and Field, 2nd edition. Chicago: S.C. Griggs, 1875.

Taylor, Emerson G. Gouverneur Kemble Warren: The Life and Letters of an American Soldier, 1830–1882. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1932.

Taylor, Walter H. Lee’s Adjutant: The Wartime Letters of Colonel Walter Herron Taylor, 1862–1865, R. Lockwood Tower, ed., with John S. Belmont. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1995.

Tenney, Luman H. War Diary of Luman Harris Tenney, 1861–1865. Cleveland: Evangelical, 1914.

The Life and Services as a Soldier of Major General Grant: The Hero of Fort Donelson! Vicksburg! and Chattanooga! Commander of the Military Division of the Mississippi; and Captor of 472 Cannon and Over Ninety Thousand Rebel Prisoners. Philadelphia: T.B. Peterson & Bros., 1864.

Thomas, Benjamin P., and Harold Hyman. Stanton: The Life and Times of Lincoln’s Secretary of War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1962.

Thompson, Henry Y. An Englishman in the American Civil War: the Diaries of Henry Yates Thompson, 1863. Christopher Chancellor, ed. New York: New York University Press, 1971.

Thompson, Seymour D. Recollections with the Third Iowa Regiment. Cincinnati: privately published, 1864.

Thurstin, W.S. History One Hundred and Eleventh Regiment O.V.I. Toledo, Ohio: Vrooman, Anderson &. Bateman, 1894.

Tilney, Robert. My Life in the Army: Three years and a half with the Fifth Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, 18621865. Philadelphia: Ferris & Leach, 1912.

Tourgée, Albion W. The Story of a Thousand: Being a history of the Service of the 105th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, in the War for the Union from August 21, 1862 to June 6, 1865. Buffalo: S. McGerald, 1896.

Townsend, Mary B. Yankee Warhorse: A Biography of Major General Peter J. Osterhaus. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2010.

Trezevant, Daniel H. The Burning of Columbia, S.C.: A Review of Northern Assertions and Southern Facts. Columbia, S.C.: South Carolinian Power Press, 1866.

Tripler, Eunice and Louis A. Arthur. Eunice Tripler: Some Notes of her Personal Recollections. New York: Grafton, 1910

Trudeau, Noah A. The Last Citadel: Petersburg, Virginia, June 1864–April 1865. Boston: Little, Brown, 1991.

———. Southern Storm: Sherman’s March to the Sea. New York: Harper, 2008.

Turner, Edward R. The New Market Campaign, May, 1864. Richmond, Va.: Whittet & Shepperson, 1912.

Turnley, Parmenas Taylor, Reminiscences of Parmenas Taylor Turnley: From the Cradle to Three-Score and Ten, by himself, from diaries kept from early boyhood, with a brief glance backward three hundred and fifty years at progenitors and ancestral lineage. Chicago; Donohue & Henneberry, 1892.

Twain, Mark. Autobiography of Mark Twain. Benjamin Griffin and Harriet Elinor Smith, eds. 2 vols. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2013.

———. Mark Twain’s Letters. Albert Bigelow Paine, ed. 2 vols. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1917.

Ulysses S. Grant Papers: A Finding Aid to the Collection in the Library of Congress, Prepared by Manuscript Division Staff. Washington: Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, 2008.

Urofsky, Melvin I., ed. The American Presidents. New York: Garland, 2000.

U.S. Sanitary Commission. Report of the Operations of the Cincinnati Branch of the United States Sanitary Commission: to March 1, 1862, no. 44. Cincinnati: The Commission, 1862.

———. Sanitary Memoirs of the War of the Rebellion. 2 vols. New York: Hurd and Houghton, 1867–69.

Van Alstyne, Lawrence. Diary of an Enlisted Man. New Haven: Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor, 1910.

Van Horne, Thomas B. History of the Army of the Cumberland: its organization, campaigns, and battles. 2 vols. Cincinnati: R. Clarke, 1875.

———. The Life of Major-General George H. Thomas. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1882.

Varney, Frank. General Grant and the Rewriting of History: How the Destruction of General William S. Rosecrans Influenced Our Understanding of the Civil War. El Dorado Hills, Calif.: Savas Beatie, 2013.

Vaughn-Sawyer, G.H. Grant’s Campaign in Virginia, 1864 (The Wilderness Campaign). London: Swan Sonnenschein, 1908.

Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861–1865. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1894.

Vickers, George Morley, ed. Under Both Flags: A Panorama of the Great Civil War, as represented in story, anecdote, adventure, and the romance of reality. S.l.: Veteran, 1896.

Victor, Orville J. Men of the Time: being Biographies of Generals Hooker, Rosecrans, Grant, McClernand, Mitchell. New York: Beadle, 1863.

Vidocq, U. S. (pseud.) The Secrets of Internal Revenue: Exposing the Whiskey Ring, Gold Ring, and Drawback Frauds . . . and Vivid Portrayals of Official Turpitude, Malfeasance, Tyranny, and Corruption. Franklin Eliot Felton, ed. (Philadelphia: William Flint, 1870).

Villard, Henry. Memoirs of Henry Villard: journalist and financier, 1835–1900. 2 vols. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1904.

Von Abele, Rudolph R. Alexander H. Stephens: A Biography. New York: Knopf, 1946.

Voyle, G.E., comp. A Military Dictionary, Comprising Terms, Scientific and Otherwise, Connected with the Science of War. 3rd edition. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1876.

Wainwright, Charles S. A Diary of Battle: The Personal Journals of Colonel Charles S. Wainwright, 1861–1865. Allan Nevins, ed. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1962.

Walker, Francis A. General Hancock. New York: D. Appleton, 1895.

———. History of the Second Army Corps in the Army of the Potomac. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1886.

Wallace, Lew. Lew Wallace: An Autobiography. 2 vols. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1906.

Wallace, Isabel. Life & Letters of General W.H.L. Wallace. Chicago: R.R. Donnelley & Sons, 1909.

Walter, David. More Montana Campfire Tales: Fifteen Historical Narratives. Helena, Mont.: Farcountry, 2002.

Warmoth, Henry C. War, Politics, and Reconstruction: Stormy Days in Louisiana. New York: Macmillan, 1930; reprint, New York: Negro Universities Press, 1970.

Warren, Joseph, comp. Extracts from Reports of Superintendents of Freedmen. Vicksburg, Miss.: Freedmen Press, 1864.

Waugh, Joan. U.S. Grant: American Hero, American Myth. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

Weigley, Russell F. Quartermaster General of the Union Army: A Biography of M.C. Meigs. New York: Columbia University Press, 1959.

Welles, Gideon. Diary of Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy Under Lincoln and Johnson. Howard K. Beale, ed. 3 vols. New York: W.W. Norton, 1960.

Wells, Seth J. The Siege of Vicksburg, From the Diary of Seth J. Wells, Including Weeks of Preparation and of Occupation after the Surrender. Detroit: Wm. H. Rowe, 1915.

Wert, Jeffry D. Custer: The Controversial Life of George Armstrong Custer. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996.

———. From Winchester to Cedar Creek: The Shenandoah Campaign of 1864. Mechanicsburg, Penn.: Stackpole Books, 1997.

Westwood, Howard C. Black Troops, White Commanders, and Freedmen during the Civil War. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1992.

Wheeler, Richard. Sherman’s March. New York: Crowell, 1978.

Wheelock, Julia S. The Boys in White: The Experience of a Hospital Agent in and Around Washington. New York: Lange & Hillman, 1870.

White, Horace. The Life of Lyman Trumbull. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1913.

White, William Lee. Bushwhacking on a grand scale: the Battle of Chickamauga, September 18–20, 1863. El Dorado Hills, Calif.: Savas Beatie, 2013.

Whittaker, Frederick. A Complete Life of Gen. George A. Custer, Major-General of Volunteers, Brevet Major-General U. S. Army, and Lieutenant-Colonel Seventh U.S. Cavalry. New York: Sheldon, 1876.

Whittlesey, Charles. War Memoranda: Cheat River to the Tennessee, 1861–1862. Cleveland: William W. Williams, 1884.

Wilcox, Cadmus Marcellus. History of the Mexican War. Mary Rachel Wilcox, ed. Washington: Church News Publishing, 1892.

Wildenthal, Bryan H. Native American Sovereignty on Trial: A Handbook with Cases, Laws, and Documents. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2003.

Wiley, William. The Civil War Diary of a Common Soldier: William Wiley of the 77th Illinois. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2001.

Wilkeson, Frank. Recollections of a Private Soldier in the Army of the Potomac. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1887.

Wilkie, Franc B. Pen and Powder. Boston: Ticknor, 1888.

Willett, Edward The Life of Ulysses Sydney Grant, Lieutenant-General, U.S.A: Comprising the story of his early years; the record of his cadetship and experiences in the war with Mexico; the narrative of his “business experiences”; and a full history of his memorable services in the war for the Union. New York: Beadle and Co., 1865.

Williams, George W. A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, Preceded by a Review of the Military Services of Negroes in Ancient and Modern Times. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1968.

Williams, John M. The “Eagle Regiment,” 8th Wis. Inf’ty. Vols.: A sketch of its marches, battles and campaigns, from 1861 to 1865, with a complete regimental and company roster, and a few portraits and sketches of its officers and commanders. Belleville, Wisc.: Recorder, 1890.

Williams, Kenneth P. Lincoln Finds a General: A Military Study of the Civil War. 5 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1949–1959.

Willison, Charles A. Reminiscences of a Boy’s Service with the 76th Ohio, in the Fifteenth Army Corps, Under General Sherman, During the Civil War, By that “Boy” at Three Score. Menasha, Wisc.: George Banta, 1908.

Wills, Charles Wright. Army Life of an Illinois Soldier: Including a Day by Day Record of Sherman’s March to the Sea, Letters and Diary of the Late Charles W. Wills. Mary E. Kellogg, comp. Washington: Globe, 1906.

Wilson, Ephraim A. Memoirs of the War. Cleveland: W.M. Bayne, 1893.

Wilson, James Grant. Biographical Sketches of Illinois Officers Engaged in the War against the Rebellion of 1861. Chicago: J. Barnet, 1862.

———. General Grant. New York: D. Appleton, 1897.

———. The Life and Public Services of Ulysses Simpson Grant: General of the United States Army and Twice President of the United States. New York: DeWitt, 1885.

———. Washington, Lincoln and Grant: An Address. S.l.: s.n., s.d.

Wilson, James Grant, and John Fiske, eds. Appletons’ Cyclopædia of American Biography. Vol 2. New York: D. Appleton, 1887.

Wilson, James H. Life and Services of William Farrar Smith, Major General, United States Volunteers, in the Civil War: A Sketch. Wilmington; John M. Rogers, 1904.

———. The Life of Charles A. Dana. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1907.

———. The Life of John A. Rawlins: Lawyer, Assistant Adjutant General, Chief of Staff, Major General of Volunteers, and Secretary of War. New York: Neale, 1916.

———. Under the Old Flag: Recollections of Military Operations in the War for the Union, the Spanish War, the Boxer Rebellion, etc. 2 vols. New York: D. Appleton, 1912.

Wilson, Joseph T. The Black Phalanx: A History of the Negro Soldiers of the United States in the Wars of 1775–1812, 1861–‘65. Hartford, Conn.: American, 1897.

Wilson, Lawrence, ed. Itinerary of the Seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 1861–1864. New York: Neale, 1907.

Wise, Stephen R. Lifeline of the Confederacy: Blockade running during the Civil War. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1988.

Wise, William W. The Battle Field of Shiloh. S.l.: s.n., 1862.

Wister, Owen. Ulysses S. Grant. Boston: Small, Maynard, 1909.

Witt, John F. Lincoln’s Code: The Laws of War in American History. New York: Free Press, 2012.

Wittenberg, Eric J. Glory Enough for All: Sheridan’s Second Raid and the Battle of Trevilian Station. Washington: Brassey’s, 2002.

———. Little Phil: A Reassessment of the Civil War Leadership of Gen. Philip H.Sheridan. Washington: Potomac, 2002.

Wolf, Simon. The American Jew as Patriot, Soldier and Citizen. Louis E. Levy, ed. Philadelphia: Levytype, 1895.

Wood, Bradford R. Chattanooga or Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge from Moccasin Point. S.l.: U.S. Veteran Signal Corps Association, 1907

Woodward, William E. Meet General Grant. New York: Horace Liveright, 1928.

Woodworth, Steven E. Decision in the Heartland: The Civil War in the West. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2008.

———. The Great Struggle. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2011.

———. Nothing but Victory: the Army of the Tennessee, 1861–1865. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005.

———. Sherman: Lessons in Leadership. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

———. Six Armies in Tennessee: The Chickamauga and Chattanooga Campaigns. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1998.

Woodworth, Steven E., ed. The American Civil War: A Handbook of Literature and Research. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996.

———. Grant’s Lieutenants: From Chattanooga to Appomattox. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2008.

———. The Shiloh Campaign. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2009.

Woodworth, Steven E. and Charles D. Grear, eds. The Chattanooga Campaign. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2012.

Wormeley, Katharine P. The United States Sanitary Commission: A Sketch of Its Purposes. Boston: Little, Brown, 1863.

Worthington, Thomas. Abstract of evidence, &c. in the proceedings of the court martial for the trial of Col. T. Worthington at Memphis, August 14th, 1862. S.l.: s.n., s.d.

———. A correct history of Grant at the battle of Shiloh: respectfully dedicated to the armies of the Ohio and the Tennessee: their living and dead. Washington: Thomas McGill, 1880.

———. Shiloh: The only correct military history of U.S. Grant and of the missing army records, which he is alone responsible, to conceal his organized defeat of the Union army at Shiloh, April 6, 1862. Washington: s.n., 1872.

Wright, Charles, A Corporal’s Story: Experiences in the Ranks of Company C, 81st Ohio Vol. Infantry, during the War for the Maintenance of the Union. Philadelphia: James Beale, 1887.

Wright, Henry H. A History of the Sixth Iowa Infantry. Iowa City: State Historical Society of Iowa, 1923.

Yeatman, James E. A Report on the Condition of the Freedmen of the Mississippi, Presented to the Western Sanitary Commission, December 17, 1863. St. Louis: Western Sanitary Commission, 1864.

Young III, Alfred C. Lee’s Army during the Overland Campaign: A Numerical Study. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2013.

Young, Jesse B. What a Boy saw in the Army: A Story of Sight-Seeing and Adventure in the War for the Union. New York: Hunt & Eaton, 1894.

Young, John Russell. Around the World with General Grant: A Narrative of the Visit of General U.S. Grant, Ex-President of the United States, to Various Countries in Europe, Asia, and Africa, in 1877, 1878, 1879. 2 vols. New York: American News, 1879.

———. Men and Memories: Personal Reminiscences. 2 vols. May D. Russell Young, ed. New York: F. Tennyson Neely, 1901.



Alvord, Henry E. “A New England Boy in the Civil War,” Caroline Sherman, ed. New England Quarterly, vol. 5, no. 2 (April 1932), pp. 310–44.

Anbinder, Tyler. “Ulysses S. Grant, Nativist.” Civil War History, vol. 43, no. 2 (June 1997). pp. 119–41.

Andreas, Alfred T. “The ‘Ifs and Buts’ of Shiloh.” MOLLUS, Ill. 1:105–24.

Baird, Nancy D. “There is No Sunday in the Army: Civil War Letters of Lunsford P. Yandell, 1861–62,” The Filson Club History Quarterly, vol. 53 (October 1979), pp.317–27.

Bale, Florence Gratiot. “Galena’s Memories of General Ulysses S. Grant.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, vol. 21, no. 3 (Oct., 1928), pp. 409–418.

Barlow, Francis C. “The Capture of the Salient, May 12, 1864,” MHSM, 4:243–62.

Baum, J. Croll. “An Incident of the Burning of Columbia, S.C.” Magazine of American History with Notes and Queries, vol. 14, no. 6 (December 1885), pp. 619–20.

Bearss, Edwin C. “Pvt. Charles E. Affeld Describes the Mechanicsburg Expeditions.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, vol. 56, no. 2 (Summer 1963), pp. 233–56.

Beauregard, G.T. “Drury’s Bluff and Petersburg, May and June, 1864.” North American Review, vol. 144 (March 1887), pp. 244–60.

Beauregard, G.T. “Four Days of Battle at Petersburg.” B&L 4:540–44.

Becker, Carl M. “Was Grant Drinking in Mexico?” Cincinnati Historical State Bulletin, vol.

24, no. 1 (1966), pp. 68–71.

Bigelow, Martha. “Plantation lessee problems in 1864.” The Journal of Southern History, vol. 27, no. 3 (August 1961), pp. 354–67.

Bir, Louis. “Remenecence of My Army Life.” George P. Clark, ed. Indiana Magazine of History, vol. 101, no. 1 (March 2005), pp. 15–57.

Bowman, Samuel M. “Major-General William T. Sherman.” United States Service Magazine, vol. 2 (1864), pp. 113–24, 240–55.

Boynton, Henry Van Ness. “The Battles about Chattanooga, Lookout Mountain, and Missionary Ridge.” MHSM, 7:373–407.

———. “Expected and Strictly Confidential.” Belford’s Magazine, vol. 3, no. 17 (October 1889), pp. 667–78.

———. “The Washington ‘Safe Burglary’ Conspiracy.” American Law Review, vol. 11, no. 3 (April 1877), pp. 401–46.

Breckinridge, W.P.C. “The Opening of the Atlanta Campaign.” B&L 4:277–81.

Buell, Don Carlos. “Shiloh Reviewed.” B&L 1:487–536.

“Canals in the United States in Operation.” Journal of the American Geographical and Statistical Society, vol. 1, no. 1 (January 1859), 28.

Carman, Ezra A. “General Hardee’s Escape From Savannah.” MOLLUS, D.C. 1:179–208. Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the District of Columbia.

Carrington, Henry B. “Major General Lew Wallace at Shiloh.” The Bay State Monthly, a Massachusetts Magazine of Literature, History, Biography, and State Progress, vol. 2. no. 6 (March, 1885), pp. 330–40.

Castel, Albert. “Prevaricating through Georgia.” Civil War History, vol. 40, no. 1 (March 1994), pp. 48–71.

Castel, Albert and Steven E. Woodworth. “How good a General was Sherman?” North & South, vol. 7 no. 2 (March 2004), pp. 62–73.

Catton, Bruce. “Reading, Writing, and History.” American Heritage, vol. 13, no. 2 (February 1962), pp. 109–10.

Chalmers, James R. “Forrest and His Campaigns,” SHSP (October 1879): 7:451–86.

Chamberlin, William H. “Recollections of the Battle of Atlanta.” MOLLUS, Ohio 6:276–86.

Chambliss, N.R. “Lieut.-General Hardee.” Confederate Veteran Magazine, vol. 3, no. 5 (May 1895), p. 142.

Chisholm, Alexander R. “The Failure to Capture Hardee.” B&L 4:679–80.

Cockerill, John A. “A Boy at Shiloh.” MOLLUS, Ohio 6:14–34.

Compton, James. “The Second Division of the Sixteenth Army Corps in the Atlanta Campaign.” MOLLUS, Minn. 5:103–23. Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Papers of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, 1887–1915. Wilmington, N.C.: Broadfoot, 1991–1996.

Conger, Arthur L. “The Military Education of Grant as General.” Wisconsin Magazine of History, vol. 4, no. 3, (March 1921), pp. 239–62.

Connor, Selden. “In the Wilderness.” MOLLUS Me. 4:200–29.

Cowen, Benjamin R. “The Battle of Monocacy, July 9, 1864.” MOLLUS Ohio 5:255–74.

Cowley, Charles. “The Minority Report of the Electoral Commission.” Magazine of American History with Notes and Queries, vol. 27, no. 2 (February 1892), pp. 81–96.

Cox, LaWanda. “The Promise of Land for the Freedmen.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review, vol. 45, no. 3 (December 1958), pp. 413–40.

Cox, Rowland. “Snake Creek Gap and Atlanta.” MOLLUS N.Y. 2:7–29.

Cozzens, Peter. “Roadblock on the Mississippi.” Civil War Times Illustrated, vol. 41 (March 2002), pp 40–49.

Crosley, George W. “Charge of the Light Brigade.” MOLLUS Iowa 1:380–92.

Dall, W.H. “Is Alaska a Paying Investment?” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, vol. 44, no. 260 (January 1872), pp. 252–258.

Day, James G. “The Fifteenth Iowa at Shiloh.” MOLLUS Iowa 2:173–87.

Dawes, Ephraim C. “My First Day Under Fire at Shiloh.” MOLLUS Ohio 4:1–22.

———. “The Battle of Shiloh.” MHSM (1908), 7:101–71.

Day, Berry. “Grant’s Father Didn’t Want Him Elected President.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, vol. 43, no. 4 (Winter 1950), pp. 296–298.

Donahower, Jeremiah C. “Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge.” MOLLUS Minn. 5:74–102.

Eads, James B. “Recollections of Foote and the Gun-Boats,” B&L 1:338–46.

Eisenschiml, Otto. “Shiloh—The Blunders and the Blame.” Civil War Times Illustrated, vol. 2, no. 1 (1963), pp. 6–13, 30–34.

Ellertsen, Peter. “The Battle of Belmont and the Citizen Soldiers of the 27th Illinois Volunteer Infantry.” Civil War Regiments. vol. 3, no. 4 (1994), pp. 24–67.

Emerson, John W. “Grant’s Life in the West and His Mississippi Valley Campaigns.” Midland Monthly Magazine, vol. 7 (January–June 1897), pp. 138–47; vol. 9 (January–June 1898), pp. 409–23 , 500–26.

Epperson, James F. “The Chance Battle in the Wilderness.” Columbiad: A Quarterly Review of the War Between the States, vol. 1 (Spring 1998), pp. 77–96.

Evans, J.H. “General Grant and Early Galena.” Wisconsin Magazine of History, vol. 3, no. 1 (Sep., 1919), pp. 84–86.

Farnham, Wallace D. “Grenville Dodge and the Union Pacific: A Study of Historical Legends.” Journal of American History, vol. 51, no. 4 (March 1965), pp. 632–50.

Flemming, Robert H. “The Battle of Shiloh as a Private Saw It.” MOLLUS Ohio 6:132–46.

Forbes, Stephen A. “Grierson’s Cavalry Raid.” B&L 6:198–218.

Force, Manning F. “From Atlanta to Savannah: The Civil War Journal of Manning F. Force, November 15, 1864–January 3, 1865.” Georgia Historical Quarterly, vol. 91 (Summer 2007), 185–205.

Franklin, John Hope. “James T. Ayers, Civil War Recruiter.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, vol. 40, no. 3 (September 1947), pp. 267–297.

Frémont, John C. “In Command in Missouri,” B&L 1:278–88.

“From the Grapevine.” North & South, vol. 11, no. 6 (December 2009), 8.

Fullerton, J. S. “The Army of the Cumberland at Chattanooga.” B&L 3:719–26.

Garland, Hamlin. “Grant’s Life in Missouri.” McClure’s Magazine, vol. 8 (April 1897), pp. 514–20.

———. “Grant’s Quiet Years at Northern Posts.” McClure’s Magazine, vol. 8 (April 1897), pp. 402–12.

Gerteis, Louis S. “Salmon P. Chase, Radicalism, and the Politics of Emancipation, 1861–1864.” Journal of American History, vol. 60, no. 1 (June 1973), pp. 42–62.

Gist, W.W. “The Other Side at Franklin.” Confederate Veteran Magazine, vol. 24, no. 1 (1916), pp. 13–16.

Graham, Jerry B. “Hand-Set Reminiscences.” Inland Printer, vol. 44, no. 5 (February 1910), pp. 681–83.

Grant, Ulysses S. “The Battle of Shiloh.” Century Magazine, vol. 29 no. 4 (February 1885), pp. 593–613.

———. “Memoranda on the Civil War: General Lew Wallace and General McCook at Shiloh.” Century Magazine, vol. 30, no. 5 (September 1885), pp. 776.

———. “An Undeserved Stigma.” North American Review, vol. 35 no. 6 (December 1882), pp. 536–547.

“Grant’s Stoicism.” United Service, vol. 1 (January 1889), pp. 115.

Green, Anna Maclay. “Civil War Public Opinion of General Grant.” Journal of Illinois State History Society, vol. 22, no. 1 (April 1929), pp. 1–64.

Greenawalt, John G. “The Capture of Fort Henry and Fort Donaldson, February, 1862.” MOLLUS, D.C. 4:279–304.

Greene, George S. “Story of a Brigade.” United States Service Magazine, vol. 4 (1865), pp. 301–13.

Hacker, J. David. “A Census-Based Count of the Civil War Dead.” Civil War History, vol. 57. no.4 (December 2011), pp. 307–48.

Hadley, Elbridge D. “The Battle of Cedar Creek: Popular History Refuted.” MOLLUS Iowa 2:441–77.

Hall, H. Seymour. “Mine Run to Petersburg.” MOLLUS Kan. 1:206–49.

Hall, Martin H. “The Campbell-Sherman Diplomatic Mission to Mexico.” Bulletin of the Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio, vol. 13 (October 1955), pp. 254–70.

Hanna, Kathryn A. “The Roles of the South in the French Intervention in Mexico.” Journal of Southern History, vol. 20, no. 1 (February 1954), pp. 3–21.

Hanner, John. “Government Response to the Buffalo Hide Trade, 1871–1883.” Journal of Law and Economics, vol. 24, no. 2 (October 1981), pp. 239–71.

Hardy, Osgood. “Ulysses S. Grant, President of the Mexican Southern Railroad,” Pacific Historical Review, vol. 24, no. 2 (May, 1955), pp. 111–120.

Hardy, William E. “South of the Border: Ulysses S. Grant and the French Intervention.” Civil War History, vol. 54, no. 1 (2008), pp. 63–86.

Harkness, Edson J. “The Expeditions Against Fort Fisher and Wilmington.” MOLLUS Ill. 2:145–88.

Harris, William C. “The Hampton Roads Peace Conference: A Final Test of Lincoln’s Presidential Leadership.” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association, vol. 21, no. 1 (Winter 2000), pp. 30–61.

Hickenlooper, Andrew. “The Battle of Shiloh.” MOLLUS Ohio 5:402–83.

Hicks, Henry G. “Fort Donelson.” MOLLUS, Minn. 4:437–53.

Hopkins, Charles A. “The March to the Sea.” MOLLUS R.I. 5:39–68.

Houghton, Henry. “The Ordeal of Civil War: A Recollection.” Vermont History, vol. 41 (Winter 1973), pp. 31–49.

Howard, McHenry. “Notes and Recollections of the Opening of the Campaign of 1864.” MHSM, 4:81–116.

Howard, Oliver Otis. “Chattanooga.” Atlantic Monthly, vol. 38 no. 226 (August 1876), pp 203–19.

———. “Grant at Chattanooga.” MOLLUS N.Y. 1:244–57.

———. “Sherman’s Campaign of 1864.” The United Service, a monthly magazine, devoted to the interests of the military, naval, and civil service, vol. 13, no. 6 (December 1885), pp. 660–673.

Hunter, Robert M.T. “The Peace Commission of 1865.” SHSP (April 1877), 3:168–76.

Hurst, T.M. “The Battle of Shiloh.” American Historical Magazine and Tennessee Historical Society Quarterly. vol. 7, no. 2 (1902), pp 22–37.

“In Commemoration of General William Tecumseh Sherman.” MOLLUS N.Y. 2:30–63.

“Introduction.” SHSP, vol. 15 (1887), iii–xxvii.

Jackson, William K. “Time marches on—but at what time did Civil War armies march?” America’s Civil War, vol. 17 no. 6 (January 2005), 10,59.

James, Alfred P. “The Battle of the Crater.” Journal of the American Military History Foundation, vol. 2, no. 1 (Spring 1938), 3–25.

Jenings, Jefferson H. “Personal Recollections of Chattanooga and Vicinity.” MOLLUS D.C. 3:107–20.

Jenney, William Le Baron. “With Sherman and Grant from Memphis to Chattanooga: A Reminiscence.” MOLLUS Ill. 4:193–214.

Jones, John S. “From North Anna to Cold Harbor.” MOLLUS Ohio 4:147–58.

Jordan, Thomas. “Recollections of General Beauregard’s Service in West Tennessee in the Spring of 1862.” SHSP (1880), 8:404–417.

———. “The Campaign and Battle of Shiloh.” The United Service, a monthly magazine, devoted to the interests of the military, naval, and civil service, vol. 12, no. 3. (March 1885), pp. 262–280.

Julian, George W. “George W. Julian’s Journal: The Assassination of Lincoln.” Indiana Magazine of History, vol. 11, no. 4 (December 1915), pp. 324–337.

Kasson, John A. “A Veto by Grant.” Century, vol. 53, no. 6 (April 1897), p. 949.

Kautz, August V. “Operations South of the James River.” B&L 4:533–35.

———. “The Siege of Petersburg: Two Failures to Capture the ‘Cockade City.’” B&L 6:393–407.

Keegan, John. “A Brit Rates our Generals: One of the World’s Foremost Military Historians Evaluates the War’s Top Commanders” Civil War Times, vol. 48, no. 6 (2009), pp. 54–60

Kendall, Henry M. “The Battles of Franklin and Nashville.” MOLLUS D.C. 2:351–72.

Kerner, Robert J., ed. “The Diary of Edward W. Crippen, Private, 27th Illinois Volunteers, War of the Rebellion, August 7, 1861 to September 19, 1863.” Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society, no. 14 (1909), pp. 220–82.

Kerr, Charles D. “From Atlanta to Raleigh.” MOLLUS Minn. 1:202–23.

Knefler, Fred. “Missionary Ridge.” MOLLUS Ind. 1:178–206.

Kniffen, Gilbert C. “The Life and Services of Major General George H. Thomas.” MOLLUS D.C. 1:11–31.

Kuntz, Norbert A., ed. “A Brookfield Soldier’s Report: The Civil War Recollections of Edwin C. Hall.” Vermont History, vol. 57, no. 4 (Fall 1989), pp. 197–225.

Law, Agnes. “Burning of Columbia—Affidavit of Mrs. Agnes Law.” SHSP (May 1884), 12:233–34.

Lawrence, Elijah C. “Stuart’s Brigade at Shiloh.” MOLLUS Mass. 2:489–96.

Lee, Henrietta E. “Mrs. Henrietta E. Lee’s letter to General David Hunter on the Burning of her House.” SHSP (1880), 8:215–216.

Lennard, George W. “The Shiloh Letters of George W. Lennard,” Indiana Magazine of History, vol. 76, no. 1 (March 1980), pp. 21–53.

Lewis, William S., ed. “Reminiscences of Delia B. Sheffield.” Washington Historical Quarterly, vol. 15, no. 1 (January 1924), pp. 49–62.

Livermore, Thomas. “General Thomas in the Record.” MHSM (1895), 10:209–244.

Lowrey, M.P. “An Autobiography.” SHSP, (1888)16:365–376.

Lutz, Stephen D. “General Orders, No. 11: Grants’s Ignoble Act.” America’s Civil War, vol. 12, no. 7 (March 2000), pp. 50–56.

Lyman, Theodore. “Operations of the Army of the Potomac, June 5–15, 1864.” MHSM, 5:1–24.

McGinnis, George F. “Shiloh, with Map.” MOLLUS Ind. 1:x–41.

McMahon, Martin T. “Cold Harbor.” B&L 4:213–20.

McMurry, Richard, et al. “The Union didn’t win the War, the Confederacy lost it.” North & South, vol. 14, no. 2 (July 2012), pp. 12–24.

M., F.L. “The Nez Perce.” Galaxy, vol. 24 no. 6 (December 1877), pp. 817–827.

Mallam, William D. “The Grant-Butler Relationship.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review, vol. 41, no. 2 (September 1954), pp. 259–76.

Marshall, W.R. “Reminiscences of General U.S. Grant.” MOLLUS Minn. 1:89–106

———. “Some Letters of General William T. Sherman, U.S.A. Chiefly Relating To Shiloh.” MOLLUS Minn. 4:605–14.

Marvel, William. “Be careful–the postwar accounts of Federal and Confederate veterans can be more myth than memoir.” America’s Civil War, vol. 17 no. 5 (November 2004), pp.16, 66–69.

Mason, George. “Shiloh.” MOLLUS Ill. 1:93–104.

Medkirk, Robert. “The Skirmishing in Sherman’s Front” B&L 1:537.

Melcher, Holman S. “An Experience in the Battle of the Wilderness.” MOLLUS Me. 1:73–84.

Merrill, Louis T. “General Benjamin F. Butler in Washington.” Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C., vol. 39 (1938), pp. 71–100.

Michael, William H.C. “The Mississippi Flotilla.” MOLLUS Neb. 1:21–33.

Miller, Jr., Edward A. “The General who Burned VMI.” Virginia Military Institute Alumni Review, vol. 73, no. 4, (Spring 1997), pp. 3–7.

Miller, Robert R. “Matías Romero: Mexican Minister to the United States during the Juarez-Maximilian Era.” Hispanic American Historical Review, vol. 45, no. 2 (May 1965), pp. 228–45.

Monroe, J. Albert. “Reminiscences of the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865.” MOLLUS R.I. 2:423–98.

Monteith, Robert. “Battle of the Wilderness, and Death of General Wadsworth.” MOLLUS Wisc. 1.

Montgomery, Horace. “A Union Officer’s Recollections of the Negro as a Soldier.” Pennsylvania History, vol. 28, no. 2 (April 1961), pp. 156–86.

Morgan, George W. “The Assault on Chickasaw Bluffs.” B&L 3:462–71.

Morgan, Thomas J. “Reminiscences of Service with Colored Troops in the Army of the Cumberland, 1863–65.” MOLLUS R.I. 5:69–118.

Morton, Charles A. “A Boy at Shiloh.” MOLLUS N.Y. 3:52–69.

———. “Opening of the Battle of Shiloh.” MOLLUS D.C. 4:305–24.

Naroll, Raoul S. “Lincoln and the Sherman Peace Fiasco—Another Fable?” Journal of Southern History, vol. 20, no. 4 (November 1954), pp. 459–83.

———. “Sheridan and Cedar Creek—A Reappraisal.” Military Affairs, vol. 16, no. 4 (Winter 1952), pp. 153–68.

Newton, R.S. “Old School vs. Medical Statistics.” Eclectic Medical Journal, vol. 21 (June 1862), pp. 260–65.

Newton, Stephen H., et al. “The Most Overrated Generals: A panel of historians discussed which Civil War generals currently enjoy undue esteem.” North & South, vol. 11, no. 6 (December 2009), pp. 14–22.

Nourse, Henry S. “The Burning of Columbia, S.C., February 17, 1863.” (1912), pp. MHSM 9:417–47.

Noyalas, Jonathan A. “Jubal Early’s Good Morning Salutation.” America’s Civil War, vol. 17 no. 5 (November 2004), pp. 38-45.

Olney, Warren. “Shiloh as Seen by a Private Soldier.” MOLLUS Calif./Ore. 1:65–90.

Osborn, Francis A. “Bermuda Hundred, June 16–17, 1864.” MHSM 5:187–204.

Osborn, Hartwell. “Eleventh Corps In East Tennessee.” MOLLUS Ill. 4.348–78

Page, John H., “Recollections of 1861 as seen through a Boy’s Eyes.” MOLLUS Minn. 5:1–16.

Parker, Ezra K. “From the Rapidan to the James Under Grant.” MOLLUS R.I. 10:57–92.

Parker, Theodore R. “William J. Kountz, Superintendent of River Transportation under McClellan, 1861–62.” Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine, vol. 21, no. 4 (December 1938), pp. 237–54.

Parks, George E. “One Story of the 109th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment.” Journal of Illinois State Historical Society, vol. 56, no. 2 (1963), pp. 282–97.

Peirson, Charles L. “The Operations of the Army of the Potomac, May 7–11, 1864.” MHSM, 4:205–241.

Pennypacker, Isaac R. “Civil War Historians and History,” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 51, no. 4 (1927), pp.330–50.

Pfanz, Harry W. “The Surrender Negotiations Between General Johnston and General Sherman, April 1865.” Military Affairs, vol. 16, no. 2 (Summer 1952), pp. 61–70.

Pirtle, Alfred. “Three Memorable Days: A Letter From Chattanooga, November, 1863.” MOLLUS Ohio 6:35–46.

Pitkin, William A. “When Cairo was Saved for the Union.” Illinois State Historical Society Journal vol. 51 (Autumn 1958), 284–305.

Porter, James D. “Col. Mosby Prizes Tribute by Gov. Porter to Gen. Grant.” Confederate Veteran. (May 1910), 18:202–3.

Prentice, Sartell. “The Opening Hours in the Wilderness in 1864.” MOLLUS Ill 2:99–119.

Putnam, Jr., Douglas. “Reminiscences of the Battle of Shiloh.” 1890. MOLLUS Ohio 3:197–211.

Ranlett, Seth A. “The Capture of Jackson.” MOLLUS Mass. 1:249–68.

Rhea, Gordon. “Baldy Smith—Scapegoat of Petersburg.” North & South, vol. 14, no. 1 (May 2012), pp. 18–29.

Ribot, Mónica Toussaint, “Los negocios de un diplomático: Matías Romero en Chiapas,” Latinoamérica. Revista de Estudios Latinoamericanos, núm. 55, Centro de Investigaciones sobre América Latina y el Caribe, UNAM, México (2012), pp. 129–57.

Rich, Joseph W. “The Hampton Roads Conference.” Iowa Journal of History and Politics, vol. 1, no. 2 (April 1903), pp. 209–30.

Robertson, Robert S. “The Escape of Grant and Meade.” Magazine of American History with Notes and Queries, vol. 19, no. 3 (March 1888), pp. 248–51.

Rodenbough, Theophilus F. “Sheridan’s Richmond Raid.” B&L, 4:188–94.

Roper, John S. “An Interesting Account of the Battle of Missionary Ridge.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, vol. 6, no. 4 (January 1914), pp. 496–505.

Rosecrans, William S. “The Battle of Corinth.” B&L, 2:737–57.

———. “The Mistakes of Grant.” North American Review, vol. 140 (December 1885), pp. 580–99.

Sawyer, Benjamin F. “The Battle of Belmont.” The New Annals of the Civil War. Peter Cozzens and Robert I. Girardi, eds. Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 2004.

Schenker, Carl R. “Ulysses in His Tent: Halleck, Grant, Sherman, and ‘The Turning Point of the War.’” Civil War History, vol. 56, no. 2 (June 2010), pp. 175–221.

———. “Who Failed to Fortify Pittsburg Landing?” North & South, vol. 13, no. 1 (May 2011), pp 46–53

Schwartz, E. A. “Sick Hearts: Indian Removal on the Oregon Coast, 1875–1881.” Oregon Historical Quarterly, vol. 92 (Fall 1991), 229–64.

Seaton, John. “The Battle of Belmont.” MOLLUS Kan. 1:305–19.

Shanks, W.F.G. “Recollections of General Grant.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, vol. 31, no. 181 (June 1865), pp. 68–76.

Shellenberger, John K. “The Battle of Franklin.” MOLLUS Minn. 5:496–521.

———. “Repelling Hood’s Invasion of Tennessee.” B&L 4:440–64.

———. “With Sheridan’s Division at Missionary Ridge.” MOLLUS Ohio 4:52–67.

Sheridan, Michael V. “Charging with Sheridan up Missionary Ridge.” B&L 5:450–65.

Sherman, William T. “General Sherman’s Tour of Europe, in Spain, Italy, Egypt, and Turkey.” Century, a Popular Quarterly, vol. 57, no. 5 (March 1899), pp. 729–40.

Sherratt, John H. “Some Corrections of Grant’s Memoirs as Regards General George H. Thomas.” MOLLUS Ill. 2:499–514.

Simon, John Y. “From Galena to Appomattox: Grant and Washburne.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, vol. 58 (Summer 1965), pp. 165–89.

———. “Grant at Belmont.” Military Affairs, vol. 45 (December 1981), pp. 161–66.

———. “Ulysses S. Grant One Hundred Years Later.” Illinois Historical Journal, vol. 79, no. 4 (1986), pp. 245–56.

Simplot, Alexander “General Grant and the Incident at Dover.” Wisconsin Magazine of History, vol. 44 (Winter 1960–61), pp. 83–84.

Simpson, Brooks D. “Butcher? Racist? An Examination of William S. McFeely’s Grant: A Biography.” Civil War History, vol. 33, no. 1 (March 1987), pp. 63–83.

———. “Carnage, Consequences, and Character.” Reviews in American History, vol. 14, no. 3 (September 1986), pp. 368–76.

———. “Lincoln and His Political Generals.” Journal of the Lincoln Association, vol. 21, no. 1 (Winter 2000), pp 63–77.

———. Review of The Most Glorious Fourth: Vicksburg and Gettysburg, July 4, 1863, by Duane Schultz. Library Journal, vol. 126, no. 15 (September 15, 2001), p. 95.

Sioussat, St. George L. “Notes of Colonel W.G. Moore, Private Secretary to President Johnson, 1866–1868.” American Historical Review, vol. 19, no. 1 (October 1913), pp. 98–132.

Smith, Harold F. “Mulligan and the Irish Brigade.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society vol. 56 (Summer 1963), pp. 164–76.

Smith, William F. “Butler’s Attack on Drewry’s Bluff.” B&L 4:206–12.

———. “Comments on General Grant’s ‘Chattanooga.’” B&L 3:714–17.

———. “General W.F. Smith at Petersburg.” Century Magazine, vol. 54 (August 1897), pp. 636–38.

———. “The Eighteenth Corps at Cold Harbor.” B&L 4:221–29.

———. “An Historical Sketch of the Military Operations around Chattanooga, Tennessee, September 22 to November 27, 1863.” MHSM (1910), 8:149–247.

Smith, William W. “Holocaust Holiday: The Journal of a Strange Vacation to the War-torn South and a Visit with U.S. Grant, 1863.” Civil War Times Illustrated, vol. 18, no. 6 (October 1979), pp. 28–40.

Soper, E. B. ”A Chapter From the History of Company D, Twelfth Iowa Infantry Volunteers, In the Union Brigade.” MOLLUS Iowa 2:129–42.

Speed, Thomas. “The Battle of Franklin.” MOLLUS Ohio 3:44–99.

Stevens, Hazard. “The Sixth Corps in the Wilderness.” MHSM, 4:175–203.

———. “The Storming of the Lines of Petersburg by the Sixth Corps, April 2, 1865.” MOLLUS R.I. 9:381–422.

Stone, Henry. “The Battle of Franklin, Tennessee, November 30, 1864.” MHSM, (1908), 7:433–77.

———. “The Battle of Shiloh.” MHSM, (1908), 7:223–56.

Strong, William E. “The Campaign Against Vicksburg.” MOLLUS Ill. 2:313–54.

Sumbardo, Chas. L. “Some Facts about the Battle of Shiloh.” MOLLUS Minn. 3:26–41.

Surdam, David G. “The Union Navy’s Blockade Reconsidered.” Naval War College Review, vol. 51, no. 4 (Autumn 1998). pp. 85–107.

Swan, William W. “Battle of the Wilderness.” MHSM, 4:117–63.

Swords, H.L. “My Campaigning with the Army of the Tennessee.” MOLLUS Iowa 1:74–88.

Tans, Jochem. “The Hapless Anaconda: Union Blockade 1861–1865.” Concord Review, vol. 6, no. 1 (Fall 1994), pp. 13–30.

Taylor, John T. “Reminiscences of Services as an Aide-de-Camp with General William Tecumseh Sherman.” MOLLUS Kan. 1:127–42.

Teiser, Sidney. “Life of George H. Williams: Almost Chief-Justice, Part Two.” Oregon Historical Quarterly, vol. 47, no. 4 (December 1946), pp. 417–40.

Thaxter, Sidney W. “The Peace Conference of 1865.” MOLLUS Me. 2:201–19.

Thomas, Benjamin P. “A Wisconsin Newsman with Grant.” Wisconsin Magazine of History, vol. 39, no. 4 (Summer 1956), pp. 238–44.

Thompson, D.G. Brinton, “Dr. Daniel Garrison Brinton with the Army of the Cumberland.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 90, no. 4 (October 1966), pp. 466–90.

Thompson, Gerald “The Army and the Navajo: The Bosque Redondo Reservation Experiment, 1863–1868.” Western Historical Quarterly, vol. 8, no. 2 (April 1977).

Throne, Mildred, ed. “Letters From Shiloh,” Iowa Journal of History, vol. 52, no. 14 (July 1954), pp 235–80.

Treichel, James A. “Lew Wallace at Fort Donelson.” Indiana Magazine of History, vol. 59, no. 1 (March 1963), pp. 3–18.

Venable, Charles S. “The Campaign from the Wilderness to Petersburg.” SHSP, (1886), 14:522–42.

Walke, Henry. “The Gun-boats at Belmont and Fort Henry.” B&L, 1:358–67.

Wallace, Lew. “My Own Account of the First Day at Shiloh.” Appleton’s Booklovers Magazine, vol. 7 no. 1 (January 1906), 72–77.

———. “The Capture of Fort Donelson.” B&L, 1:398–428.

Welles, Gideon. “The Opposition to Lincoln in 1864.” Atlantic Monthly, vol. 41, (March 1878), pp. 366–76.

White, Patrick H. “Civil War Diary of Patrick H. White.” J.E. Boos, ed. Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, vol. 15 (1922–23), pp. 640–63.

Whitman, Walt. “Walt Whitman in War-Time: Familiar Letters from the Capital.” Century; a Popular Quarterly, vol. 46 (October 1893), pp. 840–51.

Wilkin, Jacob W. “Personal Reminiscences of General U.S. Grant.” Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society for the Year 1907, vol. 12. Springfield: Illinois State Historical Society, 1908, pp. 131–40.

Williams, E. Cort. “The Cruise of the ‘Black Terror.’” MOLLUS Ohio 3:144–65.

Wilson, James Grant. “Types and Traditions of the Old Army: II. General Halleck—a Memoir.” Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States, vol. 36 (1905), pp. 537–59.

Wilson, James H. “General Sherman and his Memoirs.” International Review, vol. 2, no. 6 (November 1875), pp. 779–817.

Wish, Harvey. “Slave Disloyalty under the Confederacy.” Journal of Negro History, vol. 23, no. 4 (October 1938), 435–50

Wood, Thomas J. “The Battle of Missionary Ridge.” MOLLUS Ohio 4:23–51.

Woodward, C. Vann. “The Lowest Ebb.” American Heritage, vol. 8, no. 3 (1957), pp. 52–57, 106–9.

Woodworth, Steven E. “The March to the Sea.” Civil War Times Supplement, 1864: Grinding, Relentless War (September 2004), pp. 70–78.


Internet / Electronic Sources

Ackerly, Neal W. “A Navajo Diaspora: The Long Walk to Hwéeldi.”

Beszedits, Stephen. “Hungarians in Civil War Missouri.”

Bridges, Roger D. “Eyewitnesses at Fort Henry.” USGA Newsletter, vol. 7, no. 3 (April 1970).

Browning, Robert M., Jr. “Defunct Strategy and Divergent Goals: The Role of the United States Navy along the Eastern Seaboard during the Civil War.” Prologue Magazine, vol. 33, no. 3 (Fall 2001),

Dickey, T. Lyle. “A Letter Written by Colonel T. Lyle Dickey, To His Aunt.”

Fergusson, John Hill. Diary. Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook.

Gilder Lehrman Collection. William T. Sherman to Stephen Hurlbut, March 16, 1863, #GLC01582.

“Grant as Remembered by his Father.” USGA Newsletter, vol. 8, no. 1 (October 1970).

“Grant at Shiloh: A Letter of William R. Rowley.” USGA Newsletter, vol. 10, no. 1 (October 1972).

“Grant in Panama.” USGA Newsletter, vol. 5, no. 1 (October 1967).

“Grant’s First Newspaper Controversy.” USGA Newsletter, vol. 6, no. 2 (January 1969).

Hillyer, William S. “Grant at Shiloh.” USGA Newsletter, vol. 1, no. 2 (January 1964).

Jones, Dorothy M. “Century of Servitude, Pribilof Aleuts Under U.S. Rule.”

Manuscript Division staff. “Ulysses S. Grant Papers: A Finding Aid to the Collection in the Library of Congress.”

Meade, George G. “More Snapping.”, 201, 225, 251.

Meade, George G. “That Goggled-eyed Snapping Turtle” and “More Snapping.”

Murphy, Brian J. “Truth Behind U.S. Grant’s Yazoo River Bender.” America’s Civil War (January 2005).

Nashville Dispatch.

National Archives. Emancipation Proclamation transcript.

National Cancer Institute. “General Information About Oral Cancer.”

National Park Service. “Civil War Soldiers & Sailors System Overview.”

Naval History & Heritage Command. “American War and Military Operations Casualties.”

Pfanz, Donald C. “New books tackle the 1864 Virginia bloodletting, Walt Whitman and campaigns in the Confederate heartland.”

Posegate, F. M. “The Sunday Battle at Shiloh.”

Ranstead, H.E. “H. E. Ranstead, Company D, 53rd Illinois Volunteer Infantry: Diary.”

Reidy, Joseph. “Black Men in Navy Blue During the Civil War.” Prologue Magazine, vol. 33, no. 3 (Fall 2001).

Reigle, Dan. “The Battle of Cedar Creek.” Cincinnati Civil War Round Table, 1995.

Rorty, James. “Pvt. James Rorty, Co. G, 69th NYSM, On the Battle, Imprisonment, and Escape.” -69th-nysm-on-the-battle-imprisonment-and-escape.

Sandusky County Scrapbook. James B. McPherson to Clemmy, April 30, 1862,

Starr, Stephen Z. “Grant and Thomas: December, 1864,” Cincinnati Civil War Round Table, 2002:

Sweetman, Michael. “The Civil War Diary of Michael Sweetman, Co. K 114th O.V.I.” Johnda T. Davis, ed.

Tarbell, Ida M. Collection of Lincolniana. Allegheny College.

Thrall, Seneca B. “Union Letters.”

United States Census.

United States Census. “Population of the 100 Largest Urban Places: 1860.”

United States Congress. Congressional Globe: Debates and Proceedings, 1833–1873.

United States Naval Observatory. Astronomical Applications Department.

United States v. Sioux Nation of Indians, 448 U.S. 378 (1980)

“William C. Carroll in the Civil War.” USGA Newsletter, vol. 10, no. 2 (January 1973).

Wisconsin Historical Society. Supplement to (Wisc.) Assembly Journal, March 13, 1863.

Share this: